Aquatic Insects of Michigan

by Ethan Bright, Museum of Zoology Insect Division and School of Natural Resources and Environment
University of Michigan

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Culicidae Meigen, 1818 - Mosquitoes

This information is drawn from literary sources, including Cassani and Newson (1980), which comprehensively surveyed records in collections and literature up to 1980, and Wilmot et al. 1987, 1992 and Wood et al. 1979. Taxonomy and distribution information has been recently updated by Darsie and Ward (2005), and locally by Wilmot (2012).

Genera are denoted in green; species denoted in bold blue have been recorded in Michigan; other species denoted in black bold are expected to occur based on their known distribution. You can use the Find function in your web browser to locate families, genera, and species. Synonomous species (indented) are listed below the current valid species (denoted in bold) with its taxonomic status indicated.

    Aedes Meigen, 1818
      [Note: Reinert (2000) raised the subgenus of Ochlerotatus to genus, although many researchers may follow previous nomenclature in recognizing Ochlerotatus as a subgenus of Aedes, and keeping the subgenera Finlaya and Protomacleaya (which Reinert moved as subgenera within Ochlerotatus) as subgenera of Aedes.]

      Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse, 1894) Culex (orig.) - Moore 1999, Wilmot 2012 [non-native]
      Aedes (Aedes) cinereus Meigen, 1818 - Cassani and Newson 1980: 356
        (syn.) Aedes fuscus Osten Sacken, 1877
        (syn.) Culex pallidohirta Grossbeck, 1905
      Aedes (Aedimorphus) vexans (Meigen, 1830) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 357
        (syn.) Culex sylvestris Theobald, 1901
        (syn.) Culex montcalmi Blanchard, 1905
        (syn.) Aedes euochrus Howard, Dyar & Knab, 1917

    Anopheles Meigen, 1818
    Coquillettidia Dyar, 1905
      Coquillettidia perturbans (Walker, 1856) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 363
        (syn.) Culex testaceus van der Wulp, 1867
        (syn.) Culex ochropus Dyar & Knab, 1907

    Culex Linnaeus, 1758
      Culex (Melanoconion) erraticus (Dyar & Knab, 1906) Mochlostyrax (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 364
        (syn.) Culex egberti Dyar & Knab, 1907
        (syn.) Culex peribleptus Dyar & Knab, 1918
        (syn.) Culex pose Dyar & Knab, 1918
        (syn.) Culex degustator Dyar, 1921
        (syn.) Culex homoepas Dyar & Ludlow, 1921
      Culex (Culex) pipiens Linnaeus, 1758 - Cassani and Newson 1980: 363-364
        (syn.) Culex consobrinus Robineau-Desvoidy, 1827
      Culex (Culex) restuans Theobald, 1901 - Cassani and Newson 1980: 364
        (syn.) Culex brahmei Knab, 1916
        (syn.) Culex territans authors, not Walker
      Culex (Culex) salinarius Coquillett, 1904 - Cassani and Newson 1980: 364
      Culex (Culex) tarsalis Coquillett, 1896 - Cassani and Newson 1980: 364
        (syn.) Culex willistoni Giles, 1900
        (syn.) Culex kelloggii Theobald, 1903
      Culex (Neoculex) territans Walker, 1856 - Cassani and Newson 1980: 364-365
        (syn.) Culex saxatilis Grossbeck, 1905
        (syn.) Culex frickii Ludlow, 1906
        (syn.) Culex apicalis authors before 1948, not Adams

    Culiseta Felt, 1904
      Culiseta (Culiseta) alaskaensis (Ludlow, 1908) Theobaldia (orig.) - ON (northern boreal, expect in Isle Royale)
        (syn.) Theobaldia arctica Edwards, 1920
        (syn.) Culiseta siberiensis Ludlow, 1919
      Culiseta (Culiseta) impatiens (Walker, 1848) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 365
        (syn.) Culiseta pinguis Walker in Lord, 1866
        (syn.) Culiseta absobrinus Felt, 1904
      Culiseta (Culiseta) incidens (Thompson, 1869) Culex (orig.) - (questionable Michigan record, per Cassani and Newson 1980: 365)
      Culiseta (Culiseta) inornata (Williston, 1893) Culex - Cassani and Newson 1980: 365; Wilmot et al. 1992
      Culiseta (Climacura) melanura (Coquillett, 1902) Culex - Cassani and Newson 1980: 365
      Culiseta (Culicella) minnesotae Barr, 1957 - Cassani and Newson 1980: 365
      Culiseta (Culicella) morsitans (Theobald, 1901) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 365
        (syn.) Culex dyari Coquillett, 1902
        (syn.) Culex brittoni Felt, 1905

    Ochlerotatus Lunch Arribálzaga, 1891
      [Note: Elevated to genus by Reinert (2000). This has yet to be universally accepted, and some researchers may still follow the recognition of Ochlerotatus as a subgenus of Aedes. Reinert et al. (2006) have also placed Ochlerotatus species, previously in the subgenus Finlaya, into the new genus Hulecoeteomyia Theobald, 1904.]

      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) aboriginis (Dyar, 1917) Aedes - Cassani and Newson 1980: 357
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) abserratus (Felt & Young, 1904) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 358
        (syn.) Aedes centrotus Howard, Dyar & Knab, 1917
        (syn.) Aedes dysanor Dyar, 1917
        (syn.) Aedes implacabilis, authors before 1954, not Walker, 1848
      Ochlerotatus (Finlaya) atropalpus (Coquillett, 1902) Culex (orig.) - Wilmot et al. 1992: 358
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) aurifer (Coquillett, 1903) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 358
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) campestris (Dyar & Knab, 1907) Aedes - Cassani and Newson 1980: 358
        (syn.) Aedes callithotrys Dyar, 1920
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) canadensis (Theobald, 1901) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 358
        (syn.) Culex nivitarsis Coquillett, 1904
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) communis (De Geer, 1776) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 358-359
        (syn.) Culex lazarensis Felt and Young, 1904
        (syn.) Culex borealis Ludlow, 1911
        (syn.) Aedes tahoensis Dyar, 1916
        (syn.) Aedes altiusculus Dyar, 1917
        (syn.) Aedes prolixus Dyar, 1922
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) decticus (Howard, Dyar & Knab, 1917) Aedes - Cassani and Newson 1980: 359
        (syn.) Aedes pseudodiantaeus Smith, 1952
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) diantaeus (Howard, Dyar & Knab, 1913) Aedes - Cassani and Newson 1980: 359
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) dorsalis (Meigen, 1830) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 359
        (syn.) Culex curriei Coquillett, 1901
        (syn.) Culex onondagensis Felt, 1904
        (syn.) Culex lativittatus Coquillett, 1906
        (syn.) Aedes quaylei Dyar & Knab, 1906
        (syn.) Aedes mediolineata Ludlow, 1907
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) dupreei (Coquillett, 1904) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 359; Darsie and Ward 2005: 243
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) euedes (Howard, Dyar & Knab, 1913) Aedes (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 359
        (syn.) Aedes barri Rueger, 1958
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) excrucians (Walker, 1856) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 359
        (syn.) Culex abfitchii Felt, 1904
        (syn.) Culex siphonalis Grossbeck, 1904
        (syn.) Aedes sansoni Dyar & Knab, 1909
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) fitchii (Felt & Young, 1904) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 359
        (syn.) Aedes palustris Dyar, 1916
        (syn.) Aedes mimesis Dyar, 1917
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) flavescens (Müller, 1764) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 359-360
        (syn.) Culex fletcheri Coquillett, 1902
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) grossbecki (Dyar & Knab, 1906) Aedes - Cassani and Newson 1980: 360
        (syn.) Culex sylvicola Grossbeck, 1906
      Ochlerotatus (Protomacleaya) hendersoni Cockerell, 1918 - Cassani and Newson 1980: 361
        (syn.) Aedes triseriatus, authors prior to 1960, not Say, 1823
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) impiger (Walker, 1848) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 360
        (syn.) Aedes nearcticus Dyar, 1919
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) implicatus (Vockeroth, 1954) Aedes - Cassani and Newson 1980: 360
        (syn.) Aedes impiger, of authors prior to 1954, not Walker, 1848
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) intrudens (Dyar, 1919) Aedes - Cassani and Newson 1980: 360
      Ochlerotatus (Finlaya) japonicus (Theobald, 1901) Culux (orig.) - Wilmot 2012 [non-native, introduced]
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) pionips Dyar, 1919 - Cassani and Newson 1980: 360
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) provocans (Walker, 1848) Culex - Cassani and Newson 1980: 360
        (syn.) Culex trichurus Dyar, 1904
        (syn.) Culex cinereoborealis Felt and Young, 1904
        (syn.) Aedes pagetonotum Dyar & Knab, 1909
        (syn.) Aedes poliochros Dyar, 1919
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) pullatus (Coquillett, 1904) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 360
        (syn.) Aedes acrophilus Dyar, 1917
        (syn.) Aedes pearyi Dyar and Shannon, 1925
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) punctor (Kirby, 1837) Culex - Cassani and Newson 1980: 360
        (syn.) Culex implacabilis Walker, 1848
        (syn.) Culicelsa auroides Felt, 1905
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) riparius (Dyar & Knab, 1907) Aedes - Cassani and Newson 1980: 360
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) sollicitans (Walker, 1856) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 360-361; however, Wilmot 2012 notes active extirpation efforts have been successful in Midland Co.
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) spencerii (Theobald, 1901) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 361
        (syn.) Grabhamia spencerii var. idahoensis Theobald, 1903
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) sticticus (Meigen, 1838) Culex - Cassani and Newson 1980: 361
        (syn.) Culex hirsuteron Theobald, 1901
        (syn.) Culex pretans Grossbeck, 1904
        (syn.) Culex aestivalis Dyar, 1904
        (syn.) Aedes aldrichi Dyar & Knab, 1908
        (syn.) Aedes gonimus Dyar & Knab, 1908
        (syn.) Aedes vinnipegensis Dyar, 1919
        (syn.) Aedes lateralis authors, not Meigen
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) stimulans (Walker, 1848) Culex - Cassani and Newson 1980: 361
        (syn.) Culex subcantans Felt, 1905
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) thibaulti (Dyar & Knab, 1910) Aedes - IL, OH, ON (associated with basal cavities in Nyssa sylvatica)
      Ochlerotatus (Protomacleaya) triseriatus (Say, 1823) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 362; Wilmot et al. 1992
        (syn.) Finlaya nigra Ludlow, 1905
      Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) trivittatus(Coquillett, 1902) Culex - Cassani and Newson 1980: 361
        (syn.) Culex inconspicuus Grossbeck, 1904

    Orthopodomyia Theobald, 1904
    Psorophora Robineau-Desvoidy, 1827
      Psorophora (Psorophora) ciliata (Fabricius, 1794) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 366
        (syn.) Culex molestus Wiedemann, 1820
        (syn.) Culex rubidus Robineau-Desvoidy, 1827
        (syn.) Culex boscii Robineau-Desvoidy, 1827
        (syn.) Culex conterrens Walker, 1856
        (syn.) Psorophora ctites Dyar, 1918
      Psorophora (Grabhamia) columbiae (Dyar & Knab, 1906) Janthinosoma (orig.) - Wilmot 2012
        [note: Michigan records previously referred as Psorophora confinnis]
        (syn.) Janthinosoma texanum Dyar & Knab, 1906
        (syn.) Janthinosoma floridense Dyar & Knab, 1906
        (syn.) Janthinosoma toltecum Dyar & Knab, 1906
      Psorophora (Janthinosoma) ferox (Humbolt, 1819) Culex (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 366
        (syn.) Culex musicus Say, 1829
        (syn.) Janthinosoma sayi Dyar & Knab, 1906, and Theobald, 1907 [new name for J. musicus]
      Psorophora (Janthinosoma) horrida (Dyar & Knab, 1908) Aedes (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 366
      Psorophora (Janthinosoma) mathesoni Belkin & Heinemann, 1975 - Cassani and Newson 1980: 366 (as P. varipes)
        (syn.) Conchyliastes varipes Coquillett, 1904
        (syn.) Psorophora varipies (Coquillett, 1904)

    Toxorhynchites Theobald, 1901
      Toxorhynchites rutilus (Coquillett, 1896) Megarhinus (orig.) - MA, NY, OH, ON (may eventually make it into extreme southern Michigan)
        (syn.) Megarhinus septentrionalis Dyar & Knab, 1906
        (syn.) Megarhinus herrickii Theobald, 1906

    Uranotaenia Lynch Arribálzaga, 1891
      Uranotaenia(Uranotaenia) sapphirina (Osten Sacken, 1868) Aedes (orig.) - Cassani and Newson 1980: 366
        (syn.) Uranotaenia coquilletti Dyar & Knab, 1906

    Wyeomyia Theobald, 1901
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References

    Cassani JR, Newson HD. 1980. An annotated list of mosquitoes reported from Michigan. Mosquito News 40:356-368.
    Darsie Jr. RF, Ward RA. 2005. Identification and geographical distribution of the mosquitoes of North America, north of Mexico. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. xiv + 383 p.
    Moore CG. 1999. Aedes albopictus in the United States: current status and prospects for further spread. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 15:221-227.
    Reinert JF. 2000. New classification for the composite genus Aedes (Diptera: Culicidae: Aedini), elevation of the subgenus Ochlerotatus to generic rank, reclassification of the other subgenera, and notes on certain subgenera and species. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 16(3):175-188.
    Reinert JF, Harbach RE, Kitching IJ. 2006. Phylogeny and classification of Finlaya and allied taxa (Diptera: Culicidae: Aedini), based on morphological data from of all life stages. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 148: 1–101.
    Rao PN, Rai KS. 1990. Genome evolution in the mosquitoes and other closely related members of superfamily Culicoidea. Hereditas 113: 139-144.
    Wilmot TR. 2000. Biology and vector status of Culiseta mosquitoes. Proceedings of the 14th Annual Conference, Michigan Mosquito Control Association. 66-69.
    Wilmot TR. 2012. Update on Michigan mosquitoes and mosquito control. Newsletter of the Michigan Entomological Society 57(1-2): 8-9.
    Wilmot TR, Henderson JM, Allen DW. 1987. Additional collection records for mosquitoes of Michigan. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 3(2):318.
    Wilmot TR, Zeller DS, Merritt RW. 1992. A key to container-breeding mosquitoes of Michigan (Diptera: Culicidae), with notes on their biology. The Great Lakes Entomologist 25(3):137-148.
    Wood DM, Dang PT, Ellis RA. 1979. The Insects and Arachnids of Canada. Part 6. The Mosquitoes of Canada (Diptera: Culicidae). Biosystematics Research Institute, Research Branch Agriculture Canada, Publication 1686: Ottawa, Canada. 390 pp.
Page edits:
    November 25, 2012
    • Added Ochlerotatus japonicus (Theobald, 1901), Psorophora columbiae (Dyar & Knab, 1906) as Michigan species, per Wilmot 2012
    • Beginning to keep track of changes to the web site pages

Page created: November 29, 2002 - Last updated: November 04, 2013 (EB)