Aquatic Insects of Michigan

by Ethan Bright, Museum of Zoology Insect Division and School of Natural Resources and Environment
University of Michigan

Toggle Menu

Aquatic and Semi-aquatic Heteroptera (True Bugs) of Michigan

Introduction

Our current state of knowledge about distribution of Heteroptera is generally good, thanks to some good survey work by Abbott, Hungerford and others. Much of the information contained herein comes from a very useful catalog of North American Heteroptera edited by Henry and Froeschner (1988), supplemented by other references and specimens in the UMMZ-Insect Division collection.

Genera are denoted in green; species denoted in bold blue have been recorded in Michigan; species denoted in black bold are likely to occur in Michigan based on their known distribution with nearby state/provincial localities from which certified records have been published. You can use the Find function in your web browser to locate families, genera, and species. Synonomous species (indented) are listed below the current valid species (denoted in bold) with its taxonomic status indicated.

Key to the Aquatic and Semi-aquatic Heteroptera of Michigan

    BELOSTOMATIDAE Leach, 1815 (Giant Water Bugs or Electric Light Bug)

      Benacus Stål, 1861 (Subfamily Lethocerinae) Claassen, 1928
        Benacus griseus (Say, 1832) Belostoma (orig.) - Menke 1963: 267 (as L. (B.) griseus); Polhemus et al. 1988a: 54
          (syn.) Belostoma haldemanum Leidy, 1847
          (syn.) Belostoma harpaxStål, 1855
          (syn.) Belostoma angustatumGuérin, 1856
          (syn.) Belostoma distinctumDufour, 1862
      Belostoma Latreille 1807 (Subfamily Belostomatinae)
        Belostoma flumineum Say, 1832 - Polhemus et al. 1988a: 52
          (syn.) Perthostoma auranticum Leidy, 1847
          (syn.) Zaitha flumineaDufour, 1847
          (syn.) Zaitha fusciventrisTownsend, 1863
          (syn.) Belostoma bakeri Ellis, 1952
        Belostoma lutarium (Stål, 1855) Zaitha (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988a: 52-53
          (syn.) Zaitha aurantiaca Uhler, 1886
          (syn.) Belostoma aurantiacum Torre-Bueno & Brimley, 1907
        Belostoma testaceum (Leidy, 1847) Perthostoma (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988a: 53
          (comb.) Zaitha testacea Mayr, 1863
          (syn.) Zaitha reticulata Haldeman, 1852
          (syn.) Belostoma aurantiacum Torre-Bueno & Brimley, 1907
      Lethocerus Mayr, 1853 (Subfamily Lethocerinae)
        Lethocerus (Lethocerus) americanus (Leidy, 1847) Belostoma (orig.) - Menke 1963: 263; Polhemus et al. 1988a: 54-55
          (syn.) Belostoma grandis var. americanum Leidy, 1847
          (syn.) Belostoma impressum Haldeman, 1854
          (syn.) Belostoma griseum Stål, 1861, Mayr 1871, and Howard, 1907
          (syn.) Belostoma litigiosum Dufour, 1863
          (syn.) Belostoma obscurum Dufour, 1863
          (syn.) Belostoma americanum Snow, 1906
          (syn.) Lethocerus obscurus Torre-Bueno, 1908
        Lethocerus (Lethocerus) uhleri (Montandon, 1896) Belostoma (orig.) - Menke 1963: 263-264; Polhemus et al. 1988a: 55
          (syn.) Amorgius (Montandonista) uhleri Torre-Bueno & Brimley, 1907
          (syn.) Amorgius uhleri Van Duzee, 1909
          (syn.) Paracapnia curvata Hanson, 1946

    CORIXIDAE Leach, 1815 (Water boatman)Photo credit: <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/25258702@N04/2823049562/">Mick E. Talbot</a> / <a href="http://foter.com/Nature/">Foter</a> / <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/">CC BY</a>

      Cymatia Flor, 1860 (Cymatinae)
        Cymatia americana Hussey, 1920 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 118; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:12

      Callicorixa White, 1873 (Corixinae)
        Callicorixa alaskensis Hungerford, 1926 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 96; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:33; UMMZ (records det. by A. Jansson, from Schoolcraft Co. (Bear Cr., T443N R13W S16, 27-July-1929 and 29-Aug-1928, leg. Lowe), Houghton Co. (Otter R., T52N R35W S25, Sum. 1949, leg. J. Leonard), Marquette Co.
          (syn.) Corixa striata var. B Kirby, 1837
          (syn.) Corisa praeusta Fieber, 1848
          (syn.) Callicorixa praeusta Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909
        Callicorixa audeni Hungerford, 1928 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 96; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:32
          (syn.) Callicorixa canadensis Walley, 1930

      Cenocorixa Hungerford, 1948
        Cenocorixa bifida (Hungerford, 1926) Arctocorixa [sic] (orig.) - MN, may occur in w UP (Polhemus et al. 1988b: 97; Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:75)
        Cenocorixa dakotensis (Hungerford, 1928) Arctocorixa [sic] (orig.) WI, expect in w UP (Polhemus et al. 1988b: 97-98; Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:74)
        Cenocorixa utahensis (Hungerford, 1925) Arctocorixa [sic] (orig.) - Chordas et al. 2002: 311; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:76

      Corisella Lundblad, 1928
        Corisella edulis (Champion, 1901) Corixa - MN, WI, may occur in w UP (Polhemus et al. 1988b:99; Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:22)
          (comb.) Arctocorisa edulis Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Arctocorixa edulis Van Duzee, 1916
          (syn.) Corisella edulis Lundblad, 1928
        Corisella inscripta (Uhler, 1894) Corixa (orig.) - Chordas et al. 2002: 311
        Corisella tarsalis (Fieber, 1851) Corisa (orig.) - Chordas and Hudson 1999: 257; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:21
          (comb.) Arctocorixa tarsalis Van Duzee, 1916, and Blatchly, 1926
          (comb.) Arctocorisa tarsalis Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (comb.) Sigara tarsalis Lundblad, 1931
          (syn.) Corixa tumida Uhler, 1877
          (syn.) Corisa tumida Uhler, 1895
          (syn.) Arctocorixa tumida Van Duzee, 1916
          (syn.) Arctocorisa mercenaria Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Corisella atumida Walley, 1936

      Dasycorixa Hungerford 1948
        Dasycorixa hybrida (Hungerford, 1926) Glaenocorixa (orig.) - MN, WI (expect in w. UP, see Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:14)

      Hesperocorixa Kirkaldy, 1908
        Hesperocorixa atapodonata (Hungerford, 1916) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 100; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:36; UMMZ (Mackinac Co.)
          (comb.) Sigara (Anticorixa) atopodonta
          (syn.) Corixa alternata Uhler, 1878
          (syn.) Arctocorixa mitida Parshley, 1914
          (syn.) Arctocorisa dubia Abbott, 1916
          (syn.) Arctocorixa dubia Blatchley, 1926
        Hesperocorixa interrupta (Say, 1825) Corixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 101; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:46
          (comb.) Corisa interrupta Fieber, 1851
          (comb.) Arctocorisa interrupta Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (comb.) Arctocorixa interrupta Van Duzee, 1916
          (comb.) Sigara interrupta Lundblad, 1929
          (comb.) Sigara (Anticorixa) interrupta Jaczewski, 1936
        Hesperocorixa kennicottii (Uhler, 1897) Corixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 101; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:37
          (comb.) Arctocorisa kennicottii Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (comb.) Arctocorixa kennicottii Van Duzee, 1916
          (comb.) Arctocorixa kennicottii Hungerford, 1928
          (comb.) Sigara (Anticorixa) kennicottii Jaczewski, 1936
          (comb.) Corixa (Hesperocorixa) kennicottii Hutchinson, 1940
          (comb.) Hesperocorixa kennicottii Walton, 1943
        Hesperocorixa laevigata (Uhler, 1893) Corisa (orig.) - Chordas et al. 2002: 311; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:42
          (comb.) Arctocorisa laevigata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (comb.spell.) Arctocorixa laevigata Van Duzee, 1916
          (comb.) Sigara (Anticorixa) laevigata Jaczewski, 1936
          (comb.) Corixa laevigata Walton, 1943
        Hesperocorixa lobata (Hungerford, 1925) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 101-102; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:47
          (syn.) Sigara (Anticorixa) lobata Jaczewski, 1936
        Hesperocorixa lucida (Abbott, 1916) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 102; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:40
          (syn.) Arctocorixa lucida Van Duzee, 1917; also Blatchley, 1926
          (syn.) Sigara (Anticorixa) lucida Jaczewski, 1936
        Hesperocorixa michiganensis (Hungerford, 1926) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 102; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:39; UMMZ (Marquette Co.)
          (syn.) Sigara (Anticorixa) michiganensis Jaczewski, 1936
        Hesperocorixa minorella (Hungerford, 1926) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 102; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:38; UMMZ (Houghton Co.)
          (syn.) Sigara (Anticorixa) minorella Jaczewski, 1936
        Hesperocorixa nitida (Fieber, 1851) Corisa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 102; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:44
          (syn.) Arctocorisa nitida Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Arctocorixa nitida Van Duzee, 1916
          (syn.) Sigara nitida Lundblad, 1929
          (syn.) Sigara (Anticorixa) nitida Jaczewski, 1936
        Hesperocorixa obliqua (Hungerford, 1925) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 103; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:45
          (syn.) SSigara (Anticorixa) obliqua Jaczewski, 1936
        Hesperocorixa scabricula (Walley, 1936) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 103; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:41; UMMZ (Marquette Co.)
          (syn.) Corixa escheri Uhler, 1876
          (syn.) Arctocorisa esheri Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Arctocorixa escheri Van Duzee, 1916
          (syn.) Hesperocorixa escheri Hungerford, 1948
        Hesperocorixa semilucida (Walley, 1930), Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 102; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249
          (syn.) Sigara (Anticorixa) semilucida Jaczewski, 1936
        Hesperocorixa vulgaris (Hungerford, 1925) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 102; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:43; UMMZ (Marquette Co.)
          (syn.) Sigara (Anticorixa) vulgaris Jaczewski, 1936

      Palmacorixa Abbott, 1912
        Palmacorixa buenoi Abbott, 1912 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 104; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:18
        Palmacorixa gillettei Abbott, 1912 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 104; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:16
        Palmacorixa nana Walley, 1930 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 104; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:19

      Ramphocorixa Abbott, 1912
        Ramphocorixa acuminata (Uhler, 1897) Corixa (orig.)- MN, IL, OH (Polhemus et al. 1988b: 105; Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:30)
          (syn.) Corixa alternata Forbes, 1878
          (syn.) Corisa scutellata Crevecoeur, 1905
          (syn.) Ramphocorixa balanodis Abbott, 1912
          (syn.) Rhamphocorixa acuminata Torre-Bueno, 1912
          (syn.) Rhamphocorixa balanodis Torre-Bueno, 1920

      Sigara Fabricius 1775
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) alternata (Say, 1825) Corixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 110-111; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:82; UMMZ (Schoolcraft Co.)
          (comb.) Corisa alternata Fieber, 1851
          (comb.) Arctocorisa alaternata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (comb.) Corixa alternata Abbott, 1913
          (syn.) Corisa erichsonii Fieber, 1851
          (syn.) Corixa striata Uhler, 1876
          (syn.) Arctocorisa erichsonii Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Arctocorixa erichsonii Van Duzee, 1916, and Blatchley, 1926
          (syn.) Arctocorixa parshleyi Van Duzee, 1916
          (syn.) Arctocorisa parshleyi Abbott, 1916
          (syn.) Sigara parshleyi Lundblad, 1929
        Sigara (Arctosigara) bicoloripennis (Walley, 1936) Arctosigara (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 106; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:103; UMMZ (Houghton Co.)
        Sigara (Phaeosigara) compressoidea (Hungerford, 1928) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 108; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:90; UMMZ (Houghton Co.)
        Sigara (Arctosigara) conocephala (Hungerford, 1926) Arctocorixa (orig.); Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:84; UMMZ (Schoolcraft Co.)
        Sigara (Allosigara) decorata (Abbott, 1916) Arctocorixa (orig.)- Chordas et al. 2002: 312; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:81; UMMZ (Schoolcraft Co.)
          (syn.) Arctocorixa decorata Van Duzee, 1917, and Blatchly, 1926
        Sigara (Arctosigara) decoratella (Hungerford, 1926) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 106; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:80; UMMZ (Mackinac Co.)
          (syn.) Corisa limitata Fieber, 1851
          (syn.) Corixa alternata Parshley, 1914
          (syn.) Arctosigara decoratella Hungerford, 1926
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) defecta Hungerford, 1948 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 111; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:102
        Sigara (Phaeosigara) dolabra Hungerford & Sailer, 1943 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 108; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:945
        Sigara (Pileosigara) douglasensis (Hungerford, 1926) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 110; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:90
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) grossolineata Hungerford, 1948 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 111; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:99; UMMZ (Mackinac Co.)
          (syn.) Arctocorisa scabra Parshley, 1917
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) hubbelli (Hungerford, 1928) Arctocorixa - MN, WI, IL, IN, OH, ONT (Polhemus et al. 1988b: 111; Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:101)
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) johnstoni Hungerford, 1948 - Schoolcraft Co. (UMMZ); see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:88; UMMZ (Schoolcraft Co.)
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) knighti Hungerford, 1948 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 111; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:87; UMMZ (Mackinac Co.)
        Sigara (Lasiosigara) lineata (Forster, 1771) Notonecta (orig.) - Chordas and Hudson 1999: 247-248; see also Polhemus et al. 1988b: 107; Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:92)
          (syn.) Notonecta noveboracensis Gmelin, 1790
          (syn.) Corisa bilineata Provancher, 1872
          (syn.) Corisa bivittata Provancher, 1888
          (syn.) Corixa bilineata Osborn, 1900
          (syn.) Arctocorisa bilineata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Arctocorisa bivittata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Arctocorisa noveboracensis Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Arctocorixa bilineata Van Duzee, 1916, and Blatchley, 1926
          (syn.) Arctocorixa lineata Van Duzee, 1916, and Blatchley, 1926
        Sigara (Phaeosigara) mackinacensis (Hungerford, 1928) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 108; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:89
        Sigara (Phaeosigara) macropala (Hungerford, 1928) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 109; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:104
          (syn.) Arctocorisa maeropala Johnson, 1927
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) mathesoni Hungerford, 1948 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 111-112; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:98
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) modesta (Abbott, 1916) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 112; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:100
          (syn.) Arctocorixa modesta Van Duzee, 1916
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) mullettensis (Hungerford, 1928) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 112; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:94; UMMZ (Houghton Co.)
          (syn.) Arctocorixa impersonata Walley, 1930
        Sigara (Arctosigara) penniensis (Hungerford, 1928) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 106-107; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:83; UMMZ (Mackinac Co.)
        Sigara (Phaeosigara) signata (Fieber, 1851) Corisa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 109; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:97; UMMZ (Houghton Co.)
          (syn.) Arctocorisa signata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Arctocorisa seriata Abbott, 1916
          (syn.) Arctocorixa signata Van Duzee, 1916, and Blatchley, 1926
          (syn.) Arctocorixa seriata Van Duzee, 1916
          (syn.) Arctocorixa scabra Parshley, 1917
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) solensis (Hungerford, 1926) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 113; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:96
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) transfigurata (Walley, 1930) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 113; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:86
        Sigara (Lasiosigara) trilineata (Provancher, 1872) Corisa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 107; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:93
          (syn.) Corisa trivittata Provancher, 1888
          (syn.) Arctocorisa trilineata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Arctocorisa trivittata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Arctocorixa trilineata Van Duzee, 1916
          (syn.) Arctocorixa lineata Walley, 1930
        Sigara (Phaeosigara) variabilis (Hungerford, 1926) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 109; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:85
        Sigara (Phaeosigara) zimmermanni (Fieber, 1851) Corisa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 110; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249
          (syn.) Arctocorisa zimmermanni Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Arctocorisa compressa Abbott, 1913
          (syn.) Arctocorixa zimmermanni Van Duzee, 1916
          (syn.) Arctocorixa compressa Van Duzee, 1917

      Trichocorixa Kirkaldy, 1908
        Trichocorixa borealis Sailer, 1948 - Chordas and Hudson 1999:248; see also Polhemus et al. 1988b:114; Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:26)
        Trichocorixa calva (Say, 1832) Corixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 114; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:28
          (syn.) Corisa burmeisterii Fieber, 1851
          (syn.) Trichocorixa burmeisterii Lundblad, 1931
        Trichocorixa kanza Sailer, 1948 - Chordas and Hudson 1999: 248
          (syn.) Tricocorixa verticalis Rau, 1943
        Trichocorixa macroceps (Kirkaldy, 1908) Arctocorixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 114; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249
          (syn.) Corixa macroceps Abbott, 1913
          (syn.) Trichocorixa micronectoides Blatchley, 1926
        Trichocorixa sexcincta (Champion, 1901) Corixa (orig.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 115; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:25
          (syn.) Arctocorisa naias Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Trichocorixa championi Jaczewski, 1927
          (syn.) Tricocorixa verticalis Rau, 1943
          (syn.) Trichocorixa naias Sailer, 1948
        Trichocorixa verticalis (Fieber, 1851) Corisa (orig.)- IN, MN, widespread (Polhemus et al. 1988b: 116; Tinerella and Gundersen 2005:27)
          (syn.) Corixa verticalis Abbott, 1913

    GELASTOCORIDAE Kirkaldy, 1897 (Toadbugs)

    Photo credit: <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/25980517@N03/6874777300/">Lynette S.</a> / <a href="http://foter.com">Foter</a> / <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/">CC BY-NC</a>
      Gelastocoris Kirkaldy 1897
        Gelastocoris oculatus (Fabricius, 1798), Naucoris (orig.) - Polhemus and Polhemus 1988a: 137-138; Bright coll.
          (comb.) Galgulus oculatus Latrille, 1802
          (syn.) Leuctra decepta Claassen, 1923
          (syn.) Leuctra hamula Claassen, 1923
          (syn.) Leuctra tenuis Provancher, 1876
          (syn.) Galgulus variolatus Rathvon, 1869
          (syn.) Gelastocoris vicinus Champion, 1901
          (syn.) Gelastocoris barberi Torre-Bueno, 1923
          (syn.) Gelastocoris subsimilis Blatchley, 1926
          (syn.) Gelastocoris californiensis Melin, 1929

    GERRIDAE Leach, 1815 (Water striders)

      Aquarius Schellenberg, 1800 (subfamily Gerrinae)
        Aquarius conformis (Uhler, 1878) Hydrotrechus (orig.) - Smith 1988a: 143
          (syn.) Gerris (Hydrotrechus) conformis Torre-Bueno, 1905
          (syn.) Gerris conformis Torre-Bueno, 1908
        Aquarius remigis (Say, 1832) Gerris (orig.) - Smith 1988a: 143; Bright coll.
          (comb.) Hygrotrechus remigis Uhler, 1872
          (comb.) Gerris remigis Torre-Bueno, 1905
          (syn.) Gerris orba Stål, 1859
          (syn.) Hydrometra orba Walker, 1873
          (syn.) Hygrotrechus orba Van Duzee, 1914
          (syn.) Hygrotrechus robustus Uhler, 1872
          (syn.) Gerris robustus Walker, 1873

      Gerris Fabricius, 1794 (subfamily Gerrinae)
        Gerris alacris Hussey, 1931 - Smith 1988a: 143-144
        Gerris argenticollis Parshley, 1916 - Smith 1988a: 144
        Gerris buenoi Kirkaldy, 1911 - Smith 1988a: 144
        Gerris comatus comatus Drake & Hottes, 1925 - Smith 1988a: 144
        Gerris insperatus Drake & Hottes, 1925 - IL, IN, MN, OH, ON (Smith 1988a: 145)
        Gerris marginatus Say, 1832 - Smith 1988a: 145
          (comb.) Limnotrechus marginatus Uhler, 1972
          (comb.) Gerris marginata Frost, 1925

      Limnoporus Stål, 1868 (subfamily Gerrinae)
        Limnoporus canaliculatus (Say, 1832) Gerris (orig.) - Smith 1988a: 146
          (syn.) Gerris (Limnotrechus) canaliculatus Torre-Bueno, 1905
          (syn.) Gerris canaliculatus Torre-Bueno, 1911
        Limnoporus dissortis (Drake & Harris, 1930) Gerris (orig.) - Smith 1988a: 146

      Metrobates Uhler, 1871 (subfamily Trepobatinae)
        Metrobates hesperius Uhler, 1871 - Smith 1988a: 149
          (syn.) Halobatopsis beginii Ashmead, 1897

      Neogerris Matsumura, 1913 (subfamily Gerrinae)
        Neogerris hesione (Kirkaldy, 1902) Gerris (orig.) - Smith 1988a: 147
          (comb.) Limnogonus hesione Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (comb.) Tenagogonus hesione Van Duzee, 1916
          (comb.) Gerris (Tenagogonus) hesione Torre-Bueno, 1921
          (comb.) Gerris (Limnogonus) hesione Torre-Bueno, 1925
          (comb.) Limnogonus (Limnogonellus) hesione Hungerford & Matsuda, 1959

      Rheumatobates Bergroth, 1892 (subfamily Rhagodotarsinae)
        Rheumatobates palosi Blatchley, 1926, as R. rileyi var. palosi - - Smith 1988a: 148
        Rheumatobates rileyi Bergroth, 1892 - Smith 1988a: 148

      Trepobates Uhler, 1894 (subfamily Trepobatinae)
        Trepobates inermis Esaki, 1926 - Smith 1988a: 150-151
        Trepobates knighti Drake & Harris, 1928 - Smith 1988a: 151
        Trepobates pictus (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1847) Halobates (orig.) - Smith 1988a: 151
          (syn.) Stephania picta White, 1883
        Trepobates subnitidus Esaki, 1926 - Smith 1988a: 151

    HEBRIDAE Amyot & Serville, 1843 (Velvet water bugs, sphagnum bugs)

      Hebrus Curtis, 1833 (Hebrinae)
        Hebrus buenoi buenoi Drake & Harris, 1943 - Polhemus and Polhemus 1998d: 153
        Hebrus burmeisteri Lethierry & Severin, 1896 - Polhemus and Polhemus 1998d: 153
          (syn.) Hebrus pusillus Burmeister, 1835
          (syn.) Naeogeus burmeisteri Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
      Merragata White, 1877 (Hebrinae)
        Merragata brunnea Drake, 1917 - Polhemus & Polhemus 1998d: 155
        Merragata hebroides White, 1877 - Polhemus & Polhemus 1998d: 155
          (syn.) Merragata foveata Drake, 1917
          (syn.) Merragata slossoni Van Duzee, 1921

    HYDROMETRIDAE (Billberg, 1820) (Water treaders)

      Hydrometra Latreille, 1796 (Subfamily Hydrometrinae)
        Hydrometra martini Kirkaldy, 1900 - Smith 1988b: 158; Bright coll.
          (syn.) Hydrometra lineata Say, 1832
          (syn.) Limnobates lineata Uhler, 1886

    MESOVELIIDAE Douglas & Scott, 1867

      Mesovelia Mulsant & Rey, 1852 (Mesoveliinae)
        Mesovelia amoena Uhler, 1894 - UMMZ record; Smith 1988c: 248
          (syn.) Mesovelia douglasensis Hungerford, 1924
        Mesovelia cryptophila Hungerford, 1924 - UMMZ records; Smith 1988c: 248
        Mesovelia mulsanti White, 1879 - UMMZ records; Smith 1988c: 248; Merritt et al. 2002: 154
          (syn.) Mesovelia bisignata Uhler, 1884
          (syn.) Mesoretia bisignata Crevecoeur, 1905
          (comb.) Mesovelia mulsanti bisignata Jaczewski, 1930

    NAUCORIDAE Fallén, 1814 (Creeping water bugs)

      Pelocoris Stål, 1876 (Subfamily Naucorinae)
        Pelocoris femoratus (Palisot de Beauvois, 1820) Naucoris (orig.) - Polhemus and Polhemus 1988b: 526-527; Bright coll.
          (syn.) Naucoris poeyi Uhler, 1876
          (syn.) Pteronarcys frigida Gerstaecker, 1873

    NEPIDAE (Latreille, 1802) (Water scorpions)

      Nepa Linnaeus, 1758 (subfamily Nepinae)
        Nepa apiculata Uhler, 1862 - Polhemus 1988a: 530; Sites and Polhemus 1994: 32-33, 38; Bright coll.; see also Hungerford 1922: 428-429
          (syn.) Nepa cinerea Ferrari, 1888

      Ranatra Fabricius, 1790 (subfamily Ranatrinae)
        Ranatra fusca Palisot de Beauvois, 1820 - Polhemus 1988a: 531; Sites and Polhemus 1994: 33-34, 38; Bright coll.; see also Hungerford 1922: 444-445
          (syn.) Nepa 4-dentata [sic] Uhler, 1872
          (syn.) Ranatra quadridentata Uhler, 1876
          (syn.) Ranatra americana Montandon, 1910
        Ranatra kirkaldyi Torre-Bueno, 1905 - Polhemus 1988a: 531; Sites and Polhemus 1994: 34-35, 38; Bright coll.; see also Hungerford 1922: 440-442
          (syn.) Ranatra fusca Montandon, 1910
        Ranatra nigra Herrich-Schaeffer, 1849 - Sites and Polhemus 1994: 35, 38; Bright coll.
          (syn.) Ranatra fusca Uhler, 1876
          (syn.) Ranatra protensa Montandon, 1910

    NOTONECTIDAE (Leach, 1815) (Backswimmers)

      Buenoa Kirkaldy, 1904
        Buenoa confusa Truxal, 1953 - Truxel 1953: 1453-1459; Polhemus and Polhemus 1988e: 534
          (syn.) Anisops elegans Uhler, 1894
          (syn.) Buenoa elegans (Uhler, 1894), of authors
        Buenoa limnocastoris Hungerford, 1923 - Truxel 1953: 1450-1453; Polhemus and Polhemus 1988e: 535
        Buenoa macrotibialis Hungerford, 1924 - Truxel 1953: 1446-1449; Polhemus and Polhemus 1988e: 535
        Buenoa margaritacea Torre-Bueno, 1908 - Truxel 1953: 1397-1404; Polhemus and Polhemus 1988e: 535
          (syn.) Anisops platycnemis Uhler, 1882

      Notonecta Linnaeus, 1758
        Notonecta borealis Bueno & Hussey, 1923 - Hungerford 1933: 95-97
        Notonecta insulata Kirby, 1837 - Hungerford 1933: 84-87
          (syn.) Notonecta rugosa Fieber, 1851
          (syn.) Notonecta impressa Kirkaldy, 1897 (not Fieber)
        Notonecta irrorata Uhler, 1879 - Hungerford 1933: 92-95; Polhemus and Polhemus 1988e: 538
        Notonecta lunata Hungerford, 1926 - Polhemus and Polhemus 1988e: 539; see also Hungerford 1933: 107-109
        Notonecta undulata Say, 1832 - Hungerford 1933: 117-123 - Polhemus and Polhemus 1988e: 540

    PLEIDAE (Fieber, 1851) (Pygmy backswimmers)

      Neoplea Esaki & China, 1928
        Neoplea striola (Fieber, 1844) Plea (orig.) - Polhemus 1988b: 609; Bright coll.

    SALDIDAE (Amyot & Serville, 1843) (Shore bugs)
    This is a tenative list, based on the author's search for records in the UMMZ-Insect Division collection on August 20, 2003 (most identified by R. F. Hussey, C. J. Drake, and T. Schuh), and distribution citations in Henry and Froeschner (1988).

      Micracanthia Reuter, 1912
        Micracanthia bergrothi (Jakovlev, 1893) Salda (orig.) - Polhemus 1988c: 674
          (syn.) Micracanthia ripula Drake, 1957
        Micracanthia fennica (Reuter, 1884) Salda (orig.) - northern Nearctic, expect in northern MI (Polhemus 1988c: 674)
        Micracanthia floridana Drake & Chapman 1953 - UMMZ records; Polhemus 1988c: 674
        Micracanthia humilis (Say, 1832) Acanthia (orig.) - UMMZ records

      Pentacora Reuter, 1912
        Pentacora ligata (Say, 1832) Acanthia (orig.) - Polhemus 1988c: 668

      Salda Fabricius, 1803
        Salda anthracina Uhler, 1877 - Polhemus 1988c: 669
          (syn.) Acanthia anthracina Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Lampracanthia anthracina Torre-Bueno, 1923
        Salda buenoi (McDonnough, 1925) Saldula (orig.) - Polhemus 1988c: 669-670
          (syn.) alda lugubris Strickland, 1953
        Salda littoralis (Linnaeus, 1758) Cimex (orig.) - IL?, IN? (expect in n. UP, Nearctic and Palaearctic)
          (syn.) Acanthia littoralis Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
        Salda lugubris (Say, 1832) Acanthia (orig.) - Polhemus 1988c: 670
          (syn.) Salda major Provancher, 1872
          (syn.) Salda deplanata Uhler, 1877
          (syn.) Acanthia deplanata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Acanthia major Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Saldula lugubris Van Duzee, 1916
          (syn.) Saldula major Van Duzee, 1916
          note: Henry and Froeschner (1998) note that some older specimens noted as Salda coriacea Uhler, 1872 may be this species
        Salda obscura Provancher, 1872 - Polhemus 1988c: 670
        Salda provancheri Kelton & Lattin, 1968 - Polhemus 1988c: 670-671
          (syn., nom.nud.) Acanthia coriacea Rathvon, 1862
          (syn.) Salda coriacea Uhler, 1872
          (syn.) Sciodopterus bouchervillei Provancher, 1888
          (syn.) Acanthia bouchervillei Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Acanthia coriacea Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Lampracanthia coriacea Torre-Bueno, 1923
          (syn.) Salda bouchervillei Hussey, 1948

      Saldoida Osborn, 1901
        Saldoida turbaria Schuh, 1967 - Polhemus 1988c: 676

      Saldula Van Duzee, 1914
        Saldula ablusa Drake & Hottes, 1954 - Polhemus 1988c: 676
        Saldula bouchervillei (Provancher, 1872) Sciodopterus (orig.) - Polhemus 1988c: 677; UMMZ specimens
          (syn.) Salda separata Uhler, 1878
          (syn.) Acanthia bouchervillei Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Acanthia separata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Saldula illinoiensis Drake, 1949
          (syn.) Salda bouchervillei Drake, 1952
        Saldula confluenta (Say, 1832) Acanthia (orig.) - Polhemus 1988c: 677-678
        Saldula nigrita Parshley 1921 - Polhemus 1988c: 679; UMMZ specimens
        Saldula opacula (Zetterstedt, 1840) Salda (orig.) - Polhemus 1988c: 679; UMMZ specimens
        Saldula orbiculata (Uhler, 1877) Salda (orig.) - Polhemus 1988c: 680; UMMZ specimens
          (syn.) Acanthia orbiculata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
        Saldula pallipes (Fabricius, 1794) Acanthia (orig.) - Polhemus 1988c: 680; UMMZ specimens
          (syn.) Acanthia interstitialis Say, 1825
          (syn.) Salda interstitialis Uhler, 1871
          (syn.) Salda pallipes Uhler, 1877
          (syn.) Salda reperta Uhler, 1877
          (syn.) Saldula interstitialis Van Duzee, 1914
          (syn.) Saldula reperta Van Duzee, 1916
          (syn.) Saldula chipetae Drake & Hottes, 1955
        Saldula palustris (Douglas, 1874) Salda (orig.) - Polhemus 1988c: 680-681
        Saldula saltatoria (Linnaeus, 1758) Cimex - Polhemus 1988c: 681
          (syn.) Acanthia saltatoria Stal, 1873
          (syn.) Salda saltatoria Uhler, 1873
          (syn.) Saldula c-album Drake & Hottes, 1950

      Teloleuca Reuter, 1912
        Teloleuca bifasciata (Thomson, 1871) Salda (orig.) - boreal, expect in UP (Polhemus 1988c: 671)
          (syn.) Acanthia bellatrix Torre-Bueno, 1924
        Teloleuca pellucens (Fabricius, 1779) Acanthia - ON, northern, expect in UP (Polhemus 1988c: 671-672)
          (syn.) Salda elongata Uhler, 1877
          (syn.) Acanthia elongata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909
          (syn.) Chartoscirta (Chartolampra) cursitans Torre-Bueno, 1923
          (syn.) Acanthia celeripedis Torre-Bueno, 1924
          (syn.) Salda celeripedis Strickland, 1953

    VELIIDAE (Amyot & Serville, 1843) (Smaller water striders, riffle bugs)

      Microvelia Westwood, 1834 (subfamily Microveliinae)
        Microvelia (Microvelia) albonotata Champion, 1898 - Smith 1988d: 737; UMMZ records
          (syn.) Rhagovelia capitata Torre-Bueno, 1908
        Microvelia (Kirkaldya) americana (Uhler, 1884) - Smith 1988d: 736; UMMZ records
        Microvelia (Microvelia) buenoi Drake, 1920 - Smith 1988d: 737; UMMZ records
        Microvelia (Microvelia) fontinalis Torre-Bueno, 1916 - Smith 1988d: 738; UMMZ records
        Microvelia (Microvelia) hinei Drake, 1920 - Smith 1988d: 738; UMMZ record
          (syn.) Microvelia borealis Hungerford, 1920
        Microvelia (Microvelia) pulchella Westwood, 1834 - Smith 1988d: 738-739; UMMZ
          (syn.) Microvelia capitata Guérin-Méneville, 1857
          (syn.) Rhagovelia incerta Kirby, 1890
          (syn.) Microvelia robusta Uhler, 1894
          (syn.) Microvelia incerta Kirkaldy, 1899
          (syn.) Microvelia borealis Torre-Bueno, 1916
        [Note: there is a Michigan record in the UMMZ-Insect Division collection for Microvelia (Microvelia) portociensis Hussey, 1955 (synonom of Microvelia cubana Drake, 1951), which has a distribution from Florida, Cuba and the Dominican Republic. Although this species can be widely distributed by hurricanes and other weather patterns, this record should be considered doubtful until thoroughly checked].

      Rhagovelia Mayr, 1865 (subfamily Rhagoveliinae)
        Rhagovelia (Rhagovelia) obesa Uhler, 1871 - UMMZ records; Smith 1988d: 740; Polhemus 1997: 349-350, 358
          (syn.) Rhagovelia arctoa Torre-Bueno, 1924
          (syn.) Rhagovelia flavicincta Torre-Bueno, 1924
        Rhagovelia (Rhagovelia) oriander Parshley, 1922 - UMMZ records; Smith 1988d: 740; Polhemus 1997: 350-351, 359

    Top of Page

    References
      Andersen NM. 1990. Phylogeny and taxonomy of water striders, genus Aquarius Schellenberg (Insecta, Hemiptera, Gerridae), with a new species from Australia. Steenstrupia 16(4):37-81.
      Chordas SW III, Hudson PL. 1999. A list of Michigan Corixidae (Hemiptera) with four new state records from the Great Lakes of Michigan. Entomological News 110(4): 246-250.
      Chordas, SW III, Chapman EG, Hudson PL, Chriscinske MA, Stewart RL Jr.. 2002. New midwestern state records of aquatic Hemiptera (Corixidae: Notonectidae). Entomological News 113(5): 310-314.
      Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). 1988. Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Hilsenhoff WL. 1984. Aquatic Hemiptera of Wisconsin. The Great Lakes Entomologist 17(1):29-50.
      Hilsenhoff WL. 1986. Semiaquatic Hemiptera of Wisconsin. The Great Lakes Entomologist 19(1):7-19.
      Hungerford HB. 1922. The Nepidae in North America north of Mexico. The Kansas University Science Bulletin 14(18):425-469.
      Hungerford HB. 1933. The genus Notonecta of the world (Notonectidae-Hemiptera). The University of Kansas Science Bulletin 21:5-195.
      Hungerford HB. 1948. The Corixidae of the Western Hemisphere (Hemiptera). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 32:1-827.
      Hyssey RF. 1919. The waterbugs (Hemiptera) of the Douglas Lake region, Michigan. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology 75. 23 pp.
      Lauck DR. 1964. A monograph of the genus Belostoma (Hemiptera). Part III. B. Triangulum, bergi, minor, bifoveolatum and flumineum groups. The Bulletin of the Chicago Academy of Sciences 11(5):102-154.
      Menke AS. 1963. A review of the genus Lethocerus in North and Central America, including the West Indies (Hemiptera: Belostomatidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 56:261-267.
      Merritt RW, Benbow ME, Hudson PL. 2002. Wetland macroinvertebrates of Prentiss Bay, Lake Huron, Michigan: diversity and function group comparison. The Great Lakes Entomologist 35(2): 149-160.
      Perez Goodwyn PJ. 2006. Taxonomic revision of the subfamily Lethocerinae Lauck & Menke (Heteroptera: Belostomatidae). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Serie A (Biologie) 695:1-71.
      Polhemus DA. 1988a. Family Pleidae Fieber, 1851. The Pygmy Backswimmers, pp. 608-610 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus DA. 1988b. Family Nepidae Latreille, 1802. The Water Scorpions, pp. 528-532 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus DA. 1997. Systematics of the genus Rhagovelia Mayr (Heteroptera: Veliidae) in the Western Hemisphere (xxclusive of the angustipes complex). Thomas Say Publications in Entomology: Monographs. ii + 368 pp.
      Polhemus DA, Polhemus JT. 1988a. Family Gelastocoridae Kirkaldy, 1897. The Toad Bugs, pp. 136-139 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus DA, Polhemus JT. 1988b. Family Naucoridae Leach, 1815. The Creeping Water Bugs, pp. 521-527 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus DA, Polhemus JT. 1988c. Family Ochteridae Kirkaldy, 1906. The Velvety Shore Bugs, pp. 541-543 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus JT. 1988c. Family Saldidae Amyot and Serville, 1843. The Shore Bugs, pp. 665-681 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus JT, Polhemus DA. 1988d. Family Hebridae Amyot and Serville, 1843. The Velvet Water Bugs, pp. 152-155. in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus JT, Polhemus DA. 1988e. Family Notonectidae Latreille, 1802. The Backswimmers, pp. 533-540 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus JT, Polhemus DA, Henry TJ. 1988a. Family Belostomatidae Leach, 1815. The Giant Water Bugs or Electric Light Bugs, pp. 47-55 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus JT, Froeschner RC, Polhemus DA. 1988b. Family Corixidae Enderlein, 1915. The Coreid Bugs, pp. 93-118 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Sailer RI. 1948. The genus Trichocorixa (Corixidae, Hemiptera), p. 289-407, in H. B. Hungerford. The Corixidae of the Western Hemisphere (Hemiptera). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 32:1-827.
      Sites RW, Polhemus JT. 1994. Nepidae (Hemiptera) of the United States and Canada. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 87(1):27-42.
      Smith CL. 1988a. Family Gerridae Leach, 1815. The Water Striders, pp. 140-155 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Smith CL. 1988b. Family Hydrometridae Billberg, 1820. The Marsh Treaders, pp. 156-158 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Smith CL. 1988c. Family Mesoveliidae Douglas and Scott, 1867. The Water Treaders, pp. 247-248 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Smith CL. 1988d. Family Veliidae Amyot and Serville, 1843. The Small Water Striders, pp. 734-742 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Tinerella PP, Gundersen RW. 2005 The water boatmen (Insecta: Heteroptera: Corixidae) of Minnesota. Schafer-Post Series: North Dakota Insects, Publication 23. vii + 119 p.
      Truxal, F. S. 1953. A revision of the genus Buenoa (Hemiptera Notonectidae). The University of Kansas Science Bulletin 35,2(11):1351-1523.
    Page edits:
      January 07, 2013
      • Removed Limnoporus rufoscutellatus from list as a likely candidate, as this Palearctic species it is found in northwestern North America
      • Added Belostoma testaceum to Michigan list, cited in Polhemus et al. 1988a
      November 04, 2012
      • Beginning to keep track of changes to the web site pages
      • Removed individual pages for families into one long list, families accessed from left menu via anchor redirects within page
    Page created: October 29, 2002 - Last updated: July 1, 2016 (EB)