Aquatic Insects of Michigan

by Ethan Bright, Museum of Zoology Insect Division and School of Natural Resources and Environment
University of Michigan

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DOLICHIPODIDAE Latreille, 1809 - Long-legged flies

Records are based on a survey of material at UMMZ-Insect Division collection, and literature records including Foote et al. (1965) and Pollet et al. (2003)

    Amplypsilopus Bigot, 1888 (Subfamily Sciapodinae)
      Perhaps found around lake margins.
      Amblypsilopus fuscinervis (Van Duzee, 1926) Psilopus (orig.) - ON
      Amblypsilopus scintillans (Loew, 1861) Psilopus (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division (as Sciapus scintillans)
        (syn.) Psilopus angustatus Enderlein, 1912
        (syn.) Sciapus fulgidus Parent, 1929
        (syn.) Sciapus dubiosus Van Duzee, 1932
      Amplypsilopus unifasciatus (Say, 1823) Dolichopus (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division (Sciapus unifasciatus)
        (syn.) Psilopus sayi Wiedemann, 1830
        (syn.) Psilopus ungulivena Walker, 1857-1860
        (syn.) Psilopus amabilis Parent, 1929
        (syn.) Chrysosoma plumosa Van Duzee , 1932
    Argyra Macquart, 1834 (Subfamily Diaphorinae)
      Adults are hygrophilous and are frequently encountered on moist soil and herbaceous foliage near water, especially running water. Males, in particular, have silver pruinosity and resemble silvery flashes when in flight.
      Argyra albicans Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (nom.nud.) Porphyrops quadriplagiatus Harris, 1835
      Argyra albicoxa Van Duzee, 1925 - IA-QB
      Argyra angustata Van Duzee, 1925 - WI, to ME
      Argyra bimaculata Van Duzee, 1925 - IL, widespread
      Argyra calceata Loew, 1861 - IL, IN
      Argyra calcitrans Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Argyra cingulata (Loew, 1861) Leucostola (orig.) - IN, ME-KS
      Argyra currani Van Duzee, 1925 - Foote et al. 1965
      Argyra flavipes Van Duzee, 1925 - IN, to NY
      Argyra inaequalis Van Duzee, 1925 - IN, TN (southern)?
      Argyra involuta Van Duzee, 1925 - IN, to SD
      Argyra johnsoni Van Duzee, 1925 - IA-PA, IL
      Argyra medusae Gosseries, 1988 - IN
        (syn.) Argyra abdominalis (Say, 1829) Dolichopus (orig.)
      Argyra minuta Loew, 1861 - IN, ON
      Argyra nigricoxa Van Duzee 1925 - IN, OH, ON
      Argyra robusta Johnson, 1906 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Argyra sericata Van Duzee, 1925 - IN, ME-IA
      Argyra thoracica Van Duzee, 1925 - IN, ON, TN-NY
      Argyra velutina Van Duzee, 1925 - Foote et al. 1965
    Asyndetus Loew 1869 (Subfamily Diaphorinae)
      Species primarily coastal, but a few are found around inland lakes.
      Asyndetus ammophilus Loew 1869 - IL, IN, RI-IA
      Asyndetus appendiculatus Loew 1869 - Foote et al. 1965
      Asyndetus latus Van Duzee 1916 - UMMZ-Insect Division, but Foote et al. 1965 and Pollet et al. 2003 note MI record is questionable
      Asyndetus syntormoides Wheeler 1899 - MA-KS
    Calyxochaetus Bigot, 1888 (Subfamily Sympycninae)
      Adults are common in shady areas and frequently hover over moist rocks and falling water (Pollet et al. 2004).
      Calyxochaetus frontalis (Loew, 1861) Sympycnus (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Calyxochaetus nodatus (Loew, 1862) Sympycnus (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Nothosympycnus abbreviatus Van Duzee, 1917
    Campsicnemus Haliday, 1851 (Subfamily Sympycninae)
      Species are small, found on moist sand or soil and on low herbaceous foliage near the margins of streams and lakes. Adults sometimes run about on the surface of still water.
      Campsicnemus americanus Van Duzee, 1924 - Foote et al. 1965
      Campsicnemus degener Wheeler, 1899 - widespread north
      Campsicnemus hirtipes Loew, 1861 - - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Campsicnemus latipes Curran, 1934
    Chrysotus Meigen, 1824 (Subfamily Diaphorinae)
      Adults usually are found in sunny spots, but some prefer wet, sandy banks of ponds and rivers.
      Chrysotus aldrichi Van Duzee, 1924 - record in Pollet et al. 2004 is noted as questionable
      Chrysotus argentatus Van Duzee, 1924 - Foote et al. 1965
      Chrysotus bellus Van Duzee, 1924 - Foote et al. 1965
      Chrysotus canadensis Van Duzee, 1924 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Chrysotus choricus Wheeler, 1890 - WI, IL, ON
        (syn.) Chrysotus ciliatus Malloch, 1914
      Chrysotus convergens Van Duzee, 1924 - Foote et al. 1965
      Chrysotus cornutus Loew, 1862 - IL, IA-NY
      Chrysotus costalis Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Chrysotus discolor Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Chrysotus cobaltinus Van Duzee, 1924
      Chrysotus distinctus Van Duzee, 1924 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Chrysotus dividuus Van Duzee, 1924 - Foote et al. 1965
      Chrysotus flavisetus Malloch, 1914 - IL
      Chrysotus furcatus Robinson, 1964 - IN, IA-NY
      Chrysotus hirtipes Van Duzee, 1924 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Chrysotus johnsoni Van Duzee, 1924 - Foote et al. 1965
      Chrysotus leucostoma (Loew, 1924) Diaphorus (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Diaphorus infuscatus (Van Duzee, 1915)
        (syn.) Diaphorus vittatus (Van Duzee, 1915)
      Chrysotus megalocerus Meuffels & Grootaert, 1999 - NY-IA
        (syn.) Chrysotus magnicornis Van Duzee (preocc. by Chrysotus magnicornis Zetterstedt, 1843)
      Chrysotus millardi Meuffels & Grootaert, 1999 - Pollet et al. 2003
        (syn.) Chrysotus annulatus Van Duzee, 1924
      Chrysotus obliquus Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Chrysotus pallipes Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Chrysotus palpiger (Wheeler, 1890) Diaphorus (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Chrysotus spinifer Malloch, 1914
      Chrysotus parvicornis Van Duzee, 1924 - OH, NY-IA
      Chrysotus philtrum Melander 1903 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Chrysotus picticornis Loew, 1862 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Chrysotus quadratus (Van Duzee, 1915) Diaphorus (orig.) - ON
      Chrysotus sodalis (Loew, 1861) Diaphorus (orig.) - OH, IA-NH
      Chrysotus spectabilis (Loew, 1861) - widespread
        (syn.) Diaphorus exunguis Thomson, 1869
        (syn.) Diaphorus approximatus Aldrich, 1896
      Chrysotus subcostatus Loew, 1864 - Foote et al. 1965
        (syn.) Chrysotus pratincola Wheeler, 1890
      Chrysotus tibialis Van Duzee, 1924 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Chrysotus variabilis (Van Duzee, 1924) Diaphorus (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Chrysotus vividus Loew, 1864 - IL, KA-NY
      Chrysotus vulgaris Van Duzee, 1924 - Foote et al. 1965
      Chrysotus wisconsinensis Wheeler, 1890 - UMMZ-Insect Division
    Diaphorus Meigen, 1824 (Subfamily Diaphorinae)
      This genus includes both hygrophilous and xerophilous species which are known from a variety of different habitats (heathland, river banks, humid forests).
      Diaphorus gibbosus Van Duzee, 1915 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Diaphorus lamellatus Loew, 1864 - IA-NY
      Diaphorus pseudopacus Robinson, 1964 - IN, ON, WI, widespread
    Dolichopus Latreille 1796 (Subfamily Dolichopodinae)
      Prefers humid habitats, marshes, margins of lakes and streams.
      Dolichopus abruptus Aldrich, 1922 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus absonus Van Duzee, 1921 - - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus acuminatus Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus adultus Van Duzee, 1921 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus aethiops Van Duzee, 1921 - IN
      Dolichopus affinis Walker, 1849 - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Dolichopus splendidulus Loew, 1864
      Dolichopus ainsliei Van Duzee, 1921 - MN, WI, east to NY
      Dolichopus alacer Van Duzee, 1921 - IN, ON
      Dolichopus albiciliatus Loew, 1862 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus albicoxa Aldrich, 1893 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus amphericus Melander & Brues, 1900 - WI, northern
      Dolichopus amplipennis Van Duzee, 1921 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus angustatus Aldrich, 1893 - MN, eastward
      Dolichopus apheles Melander & Brues, 1900 - Foote et al. 1965
      Dolichopus barbicauda Van Duzee, 1921 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus bifractus Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus brevimanus Loew, 1861 - WI, widespread
      Dolichopus brevipennis Meigen, 1824 - widespread northern
        (syn.) Hygroceleuthes propinquus (Melander & Brues, 1900) (preocc. by Dolichopus propinquus Zetterstedt, 1852)
        (syn.) Dolichopus ungulatus not Linnaeus, 1758 (misidentified)
      Dolichopus bruesi Van Duzee, 1921 - WI, westward (UP?)
      Dolichopus burnesi Van Duzee, 1921 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus calainus Melander & Brues, 1900 - IL
      Dolichopus calcaratus Aldrich, 1893 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus canadensis Van Duzee, 1921 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus coercens Walker, 1849 - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Dolichopus conterminus Walker, 1849
        (syn.) Dolichopus batillifer Loew, 1861
      Dolichopus coloradensis Aldrich, 1893 - CO-QB, northern
      Dolichopus comatus Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus contiguus Walker, 1849 - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Dolichopus splendilus Loew, 1861
      Dolichopus coquilletti Aldrich, 1893 - widespread
      Dolichopus correus Steyskal, 1959 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus cuprinus Wiedemann, 1830 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus dakotensis Aldrich, 1893 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus dasypodus Coquillett, 1910 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus decorus Van Duzee, 1921 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus defectus Van Duzee, 1921 - ON, MB-QB
      Dolichopus detersus Loew, 1866 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus discolor Van Duzee, 1921 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus distinctus Van Duzee, 1921 - ON, south
      Dolichopus dolosus Parent, 1934 - WI
      Dolichopus domesticus Van Duzee, 1921 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus enigma Melander & Brues, 1900 - Foote et al. 1965
      Dolichopus eudactylus Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus factivittatus Harmston, 1966 - IN
      Dolichopus finitus Walker, 1849 - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Dolichopus scoparius Loew, 1864
        (syn.) Harris, 1835
      Dolichopus flagellitenens Wheeler, 1890 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus flavicoxa Van Duzee, 1921 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus flavilacertus Van Duzee, 1921 - ON, southward
      Dolichopus fulvipes Loew, 1862 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus funditor Loew, 1861 - IN, ON
      Dolichopus gladius Van Duzee, 1921 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus gratus Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus imperfectus Van Duzee, 1921 - IL
      Dolichopus incisuralis Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Dolichopus platyprosopus Loew, 1866
      Dolichopus incongruus Wheeler, 1890 - WI, ON, south to TN
      Dolichopus indianus Harmston & Knowlton, 1946 - IN
      Dolichopus indigenus Van Duzee, 1921 - MN, widespread northern
      Dolichopus intentus Melander & Brues, 1900 - IL
      Dolichopus johnsoni Aldrich, 1893 - IN, eastward
      Dolichopus kleini Curran in Van Duzee & Curran, 1934 - MN, OH
      Dolichopus laciniatus Coquillett, 1910 - Foote et al. 1965
      Dolichopus laticornis Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus latipes (Loew, 1861) Hygroceleuthus (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus lobatus Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus longimanus Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus longipennis Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus luteipennis Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus melanocerus Loew, 1864 - Foote et al. 1965
      Dolichopus multisetosus Van Duzee, 1921 - western, but questionable record in ME (Pollet et al. 2003), perhaps widespread?
      Dolichopus nigricornis Meigen, 1824 - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Dolichopus discifer Stannius, 1831
        (syn.) Dolichopus tanypus Loew, 1861
      Dolichopus nodipennis Van Duzee, 1921 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus nubifer Van Duzee, 1921 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus nudus Loew, 1864 - widespread north
      Dolichopus obcordatus Aldrich, 1893 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus occidentalis Aldrich, 1893 - western, but questionable record in PEI, perhaps widespread?
      Dolichopus omnivagus Van Duzee, 1921 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus orichalceus Gosseries, 1988 - Pollet et al. 2003
        (syn.) Dolichopus vittatus Loew, 1861 (preocc. by D. vittatus Wiedemann, now Chrysosoma)
      Dolichopus ovatus Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus pachycnemus Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus palaestricus Loew, 1864 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus parvicornis Van Duzee, 1921 - MN, ON
      Dolichopus penicillatus Van Duzee, 1921 - widespread
        (syn.) Dolichopus ciliatus Aldrich, 1893
      Dolichopus plumipes (Scopoli, 1763) Musca (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Dolichopus ciliatus Walker, 1849
        (syn.) Dolichopus sequax Walker, 1848-1849
        (syn.) Dolichopus nigriapicalis Van Duzee, 1930
      Dolichopus porphyrops Van Duzee, 1921 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus praeustus Loew, 1862 - IL, IN, to CN
      Dolichopus pulcher Walker, 1852 - widespread?
      Dolichopus pulchrimanus (Bigot, 1888) Spathichira (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Dolichopus willistonii Aldrich, 1893
      Dolichopus ramifer Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus reflectus Aldrich, 1893 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus remipes Wahlberg, 1839 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus remus Van Duzee, 1921 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus renidescens Melander & Brues, 1900 - widespread west to MN, but questionable record from ME (Pollet et al. 2003)
      Dolichopus retinens Van Duzee, 1921 - IN, ON, widespread
      Dolichopus ruficornis Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus sarotes Loew, 1866 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus scapularis Loew, 1861 - Pollet et al. 2003
        (syn.) Dolichopus alberecrus Gunther, 1979
      Dolichopus sedulus Van Duzee, 1921 - IN, north
      Dolichopus serratus Van Duzee, 1921 - Foote et al. 1965
      Dolichopus setifer Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus setosus Loew, 1862 - eastern, but questionable record from BC
      Dolichopus sexarticulatus Loew, 1864 - Foote et al. 1965
      Dolichopus sicarius Van Duzee, 1921 - Foote et al. 1965
      Dolichopus sincerus Melander, 1900 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus socius Loew, 1862 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus stenhammari Zetterstedt, 1843 - widespread north
        (syn.) Dolichopus annulipes Zetterstedt, 1838 (preocc. in Dolichopus by Meigen, 1824, orig. Porphyrops, now Sympycnus)
      Dolichopus subciliatus Loew, 1864 - widespread north
      Dolichopus tener Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus terminalis Loew, 1866 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus terminatus Walker, 1849 - widespread?
      Dolichopus tetricus Loew, 1864 - widespread boreal?
      Dolichopus tonsus Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus umbrosus Van Duzee, 1921 - ON, WI
      Dolichopus variabilis Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Dolichopus annaclareii Gunther, 1979
      Dolichopus versutus Van Duzee, 1921 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Dolichopus vigilans Aldrich, 1893 - IN, OH, ON, southward to KS
      Dolichopus wheeleri (Melander & Brues, 1900) Hygroceleuthus (orig.) - MB-NS
      Dolichopus xanthocnemus Loew, 1864 - ON, widespread north
    Gymnopternus Loew, 1857 (Subfamily Dolichopodinae)
      Most diverse in humid forests. Variously treated as a subgenus or synonym of Hercostomus.
      Gymnopternus anarmostus (Melander, 1900) Hercostomus (orig.) - IL
      Gymnopterus annulatus Van Duzee, 1926 - Pollet et al. 2003
      Gymnopterus annulipes Robinson, 1964 - Pollet et al. 2003
      Gymnopterus barbatulus Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Gymnopterus crassicauda Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Gymnopterus debilis Loew, 1861 - Pollet et al. 2003
      Gymnopternus difficilis Loew, 1861 - ON, NS-IA
      Gymnopternus exilis Loew, 1861 - IN-NH
      Gymnopternus flavus Loew, 1861 - ON, IN, QB-GA
      Gymnopternus frequens Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Gymnopternus humilis Loew, 1864 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Gymnopternus lividifrons Van Duzee, 1926 - Pollet et al. 2003
      Gymnopternus lunifer Loew, 1861 - IL, east to QB
      Gymnopternus meniscus Loew, 1864 - IA-NY
      Gymnopternus nigribarbus Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Gymnopternus opacus Loew, 1861 - NY-IA
      Gymnopternus politus Loew, 1861 - Foote et al. 1965
      Gymnopternus purpuratus (Van Duzee, 1925) Hercostomus (orig.) - Pollet et al. 2003
      Gymnopternus scotias Loew, 1861 - ON, NS-IA
      Gymnopternus spectabilis Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division (also as Diaphorus spectabilis Loew)
        (syn.) Gymnopternus chalcochrus Loew, 1861
      Gymnopternus violaceus (Van Duzee, 1921) Proarchus (orig.) - Pollet et al. 2003
    Hercostomus Loew 1857 (Subfamily Dolichopodinae)
      Representatives are found in a wide variety of habitats, ranging from coastal dunes to humid forests and springs.
      Hercostomus chetifer Walker 1849 - Pollet et al. 2003
        (syn.) Dolichopus alutifer Haliday, 1851
        (syn.) Paraclius ornatus Van Duzee, 1921
        (syn.) Hercostomus dreisbachi Harmston & Knowlton, 1945
      Hercostomus costalis Van Duzee, 1923 - Foote et al. 1965
      Hercostomus flutatus Harmston & Knowlton, 1945 - Foote et al. 1965
      Hercostomus tibialis (Van Duzee, 1913) Neurigona (orig.) - IL, IN, ON
        (syn.) Neurigona dorsalis Van Duzee, 1914
        (syn.) Hercostomus indianus Harmston, 1952
      Hercostomus unicolor Loew, 1864 - Pollet et al. 2003
        (syn.) Gymnopternus poenitens Wheeler, 1890
        (syn.) Hercostomus ornaticauda Van Duzee, 1933
    Hydatostega Philippi 1865 (Subfamily Hydrophorinae)
      Adults are generally associated with standing water and are adept at skating on the surface.
      Hydatostega viridiflos viridiflos (Walker, 1852-1853) Medeterus (orig.) - QB/NY-MB
        (syn.) Hydrophorus intentus Aldrich, 1911
        (syn.) Hydrophorus indentus, error by Foote et al. in listing H. intentus Aldrich, 1911
        (syn.) Hydrophorus browni Curran, 1930
    Hydrophorus Fallen 1823 (Subfamily Hydrophorinae)
      Adults of some species are seen skating over quiet surface of large, stagnant bodies of water, and others are found on the shores of large rivers and streams.
      Hydrophorus aestuum Loew, 1869 - Pollet et al. 2003
      Hydrophorus agalma Wheeler, 1899 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Hydrophorus alboflorens Walker, 1849 - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Hydrophorus pirata Loew, 1861
      Hydrophorus algens Wheeler, 1899 - widespread northern
      Hydrophorus altivagus Aldrich, 1911 - widespread northern
        (syn.) Hydrophorus wahlgreni Frey, 1915
        (syn.) Hydrophorus lividipes Van Duzee, 1926
      Hydrophorus amplectens Aldrich, 1911 - Foote et al. 1965
      Hydrophorus angustifacies Hurley, 1985 - Pollet et al. 2003
      Hydrophorus aquatilis Aldrich, 1922 - widespread northern
        (syn.) Hydrophorus criddlei Van Duzee, 1925
        (syn.) Hydrophorus argentifacies Van Duzee, 1926
      Hydrophorus chrysologus (Walker, 1849) Medeterus (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Hydrophorus glaber not Walker, misid. by Wheeler (1899); error for H. glaber by Van Duzee (1923)
        (syn.) Hydrophorus algens not Wheeler, misid. by Snodgrass (1904)
        (syn.) Hydrophorus alter Parent, 1934
      Hydrophorus dreisbachi Harmston & Knowlton, 1963 - Pollet et al. 2003
      Hydrophorus eldoradensis Wheeler, 1899 - widespread
      Hydrophorus extrarius Aldrich, 1911 - ON, widespread northern
      Hydrophorus flavihirtus Van Duzee, 1923 - Pollet et al. 2003
      Hydrophorus flavipennis Van Duzee, 1926 - Foote et al. 1965
      Hydrophorus hirpicifer Hurley, 1985 - widespread northern
      Hydrophorus parvus Loew 1862 - Foote et al. 1965
      Hydrophorus philombrius Wheeler, 1890 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Hydrophorus sodalis Wheeler, 1899 - Foote et al. 1965.
    Lamprochromus Mik, 1878 (Subfamily Sympycninae)
      In the Palearctic, L. bifasciatus and L. strobli are almost entirely restricted to reed marshes (Pollet, 2000). The habits of the Nearctic species are unknown.
      Lamprochromus canadensis (Van Duzee, 1917) Sympycnus (orig.) - ON, widespread northern
    Liancalus Loew 1857 (Subfamily Hydrophorinae)
      Species are hygrophilus, often found in association with vertical seepages. Adults of L. similis are found in moist shaded areas in association with drainage culverts, freshet seeps, and waterfalls. Larvae are known from algal mats (Corpus, 1986).
      Liancalus genualis Loew, 1861 - Pollet et al. 2003
    Nematoproctus Loew, 1857 (Subfamily Rhaphiinae)
      Adults are hydrophilous and occur on river banks and in humid deciduous forests, where they can be found on herbaceous foliage.
      Nematoproctus metallicus Van Duzee, 1930 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Nematoproctus venustus Melander, 1900 - eastern, but a questionable record from IA
    Nepalomyia Hollis, 1964 (Subfamily Peloropeodinae)
      Adults seem to be hygrophilous and prefer shaded habitats with seepages on moss-covered rocks (Runyon and Hurley 2003).
      Nepalomyia sombrea (Harmston & Knowlton, 1945) Neurigona (orig.) - Foote et al. 1965, Midland Co., June 1941, RR Dreisbach (Runyon & Hurley 2003)
        (comb.) Neurigonella sombrea Robinson 1964
    Paraclius Loew 1864 (Subfamily Dolichopodinae)
      Most species of this genus are maritime, but several species are found in our area, near margins of lakes and streams.
      Paraclius ovatus Van Duzee, 1914 - Foote et al. 1965
      Paraclius pumilio Loew, 1872 - Foote et al. 1965
    Pelastoneurus Loew 1861 (Subfamily Dolichopodinae)
      Species are found in association with freshwater seepages and mudflats, and on wet soil or on low herbaceous vegetation near water.
      Pelastoneurus abbreviatus Loew, 1864 - IL, ON
      Pelastoneurus kansensis (Aldrich, 1894) Metapelastoneurus (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Pelastoneurus laetus Loew, 1861 - Foote et al. 1965
      Pelastoneurus lamellatus Loew, 1864 - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Pelastoneurus cristatus Van Duzee, 1924
      Pelastoneurus lugubris Loew, 1861 - Foote et al. 1965
      Pelastoneurus neglectus Wheeler, 1899 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Pelastoneurus proximus Aldrich, 1904 - Foote et al. 1965
      Pelastoneurus umbripictus Becker, 1922 - Foote et al. 1965
      Pelastoneurus wheeleri Melander, 1900 - Foote et al. 1965
    Peloropeodes Wheeler, 1890 (Subfamily Peloropeodinae)
      Adults are found on low herbaceous vegetation, moist soil, and on rock surfaces near, or on, stream banks.
      Peloropeodes aldrichi (Robinson, 1970) Kophosoma (orig.) - Foote et al. 1965
        (syn.) Kophosoma acuticornis Van Duzee, 1926 preocc. by Anomalopyga acuticornis Oldenberg, 1916, now Peloropeodes
      Peloropeodes cornuta (Van Duzee, 1926) Kophosoma (orig.) - Foote et al. 1965
      Peloropeodes salax Wheeler, 1890 - WI, to VA
        (syn.) Peloropeodes flavipes Van Duzee, 1914
    Plagioneurus Loew, 1857 (Subfamily Plagioneuriinae)
      Plagioneurus univittatus Loew, 1857 - UMMZ-Insect Division
    Rhaphium Meigen, 1803 (Subfamily Rhaphiinae)
      Most species emerge early in the season and are found in moist habitats such as humid woodlands, river banks, and pond margins.
      Rhaphium atkinsoni Curran, 1926 - Foote et al. 1965
      Rhaphium effilatum (Wheeler, 1899) Porphyrops (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Rhaphium elegantulus (Meigen, 1824) Porphyrops (orig.)- widespread northern
      Rhaphium exile Curran, 1926 - IN
      Rhaphium fascipes (Meigen, 1824) Porphyrops (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Rhaphium femineum (Van Duzee, 1922) Xiphandrium (orig.) - Foote et al. 1965
      Rhaphium melampus Loew, 1861 Porphyrops (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Rhaphium punctitarsis Curran, 1924 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Rhaphium rotundiceps (Loew, 1861) Porphyrops (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Rhaphium signiferum (Osten Sacken, 1878) Porphyrops (orig.) - Foote et al. 1965
      Rhaphium vanduzeei Curran, 1926 - IN, ON
      Rhaphium wheeleri Van Duzee, 1932 - WI
    Scellus Loew, 1857 (Subfamily Hydrophorinae)
      Adults have been collected in swampy, high-mountain meadows, pastures on the plains, and on the bark of trees (Hurley, 1995).
      Scellus exustus (Walker, 1852) Medeterus (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division
        (syn.) Scellus venustus, error by Crampton (1942)
    Sympycnus Loew, 1857 (Subfamily Sympycninae)
      Adults of most species are more common in deep shade and frequently hover over moist rocks and falling water (Foote et al. 1965). Many species have been transferred to Calyxochaetus.
      Sympycnus aldrichi Van Duzee, 1930 - IN
      Sympycnus lineatus Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
    Syntormon Loew, 1857 (Subfamily Sympycninae)
      Most species are riparian and mainly occur on the banks of stagnant or running water bodies, and in open, well-lit, humid habitats such as marshlands and saltmarshes (Pollet et al. 2004).
      Syntormon cinereiventre (Loew, 1861) Synarthrus (orig.) - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Syntormon femoratum Van Duzee, 1925 - IN
      Syntormon palmaris (Loew, 1864) Synarthrus (orig.) - Foote et al. 1965
      Syntormon simplicitarse Van Duzee, 1925 - IN
      Syntormon tricoloripes Curran, 1923 - Foote et al. 1965
    Tachytrechus Haliday, 1851 (Subfamily Dolichopodinae)
      Species are hygrophilus and riparian, and mainly occur on open, well-lit, wet, sandy soils or rocky substrates near, or in, open water. Larval and pupal stages have been discovered along temporal pools (Dyte, 1959) and in freshwater seeps and mud flats (Corpus, 1988). Most species are western, but a few are found in our area.
      Tachytrechus binodatus Loew, 1866 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Tachytrechus moechus Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Tachytrechus vorax Loew, 1861 - UMMZ-Insect Division
    Telmaturgus Mik, 1874 (Subfamily Sympycninae)
      Specimens of this species collected by Runyon (2012) were collected in Pennsylvania from deeply shaded sphagnum areas of a wooded swamp, most obtained by inserting a sweep net into dark areas underneath a boardwalk.
      Telmaturgus parvus (Van Duzee, 1924) Chrysotus (orig.) - Foote et al. 1965
    Teuchophorus Loew, 1857 (Subfamily Sympycninae)
      Species of this genus are hygrophilous and, like Sympycnus, occur in rather shaded conditions where they can be found, sometimes in large numbers, on muddy soils (Pollet et al. 2004).
      Teuchophorus clavigerellus Wheeler, 1899 - UMMZ-Insect Division
      Teuchophorus condylus Harmston & Knowlton, 1946 - IN, ON
References

    Corpus LD 1988. Immature stages of Tachytrechus auratus (Diptera: Dolichopodidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 64(1): 915.
    Foote RH, Coulson JR, Robinson H. 1965. Dolichopodidae, pp. 482-530 in A Catalog of the Diptera of America North of Mexico. Stone A, Sabrosky CW, Wirth WW, Foote RH, Coulson JR. (Editors). Agricultural Research Service, Agricultural Handbook 267, United States Department of Agriculture. Smithsonian Institution Press 1983 reprint: Washington, D. C. iv + 1696.
    Hurley RL. 1995. Orthogenya Dolichopodidae: Hydrophorinae, in G.C.D. Griffiths (editor), Flies of the Nearctic region 6 (2): 113224.
    Pollet M. 2000. A documented Red List of the dolichopodid flies (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) of Flanders. Communications of the Institute of Nature Conservation 8. Brussels. 190 pp. [in Dutch, with English summary]
    Pollet MAA, Brooks SE, Cumming JM. 2003. Catalog of the Dolichopodidae (Diptera) of America North of Mexico. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 283:1-114.
    Runyon JB. 2012. The Nearctic species of Telmaturgus (Diptera: Dolichipodidae). The Canadian Entomologist 144: 337-347.
    Runyon JB, Hurley RL. 2003. Revision of the Nearctic species of Nepalomyia Hollis (=Neurigonella Robinson) (Diptera: Dolichopodidae: Peloropeodinae) with a world catalog.Annals of the Entomological Society of America 96(4): 403-414.

Page created: April 25, 2006 - Last updated: November 04, 2013 (EB)