Aquatic Insects of Michigan

by Ethan Bright, Museum of Zoology Insect Division and School of Natural Resources and Environment
University of Michigan

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Tipuloidea - Crane Flies

One of largest groups of Diptera, with more than 15,275 recognized species in 525 genera and subgenera (Oosterbroek, 2005). Traditionally considered the most basal of the Diptera and Nematocera (Wood and Borkent 1989, Michelsen 1996), evidence increasingly points to the Tipuloidea as a more derived nematoceran lineage (e.g. Oosterbroek and Courtney 1995). Literature often considers this groups as the Tipulidae (sensu lato), but more recently workers have elavated previous subfamilies to family level - Cylindrotomidae, Limoniidae, Pediciidae, and Tipulidae sensu stricto (Young 2008).

The majority of species are terrestrial, with immature life stages frequenting moist areas in soil, decayed organic substrates, or plant (usually woody) material. Other species live near the margins of lakes and streams, and are considered semiaquatic, with a few groups becoming adapted to strictly aquatic environments.

This list is based on works of Alexander and Stone et al. (1965), and should be considered only a beginning if not outdated taxonomic survey for the state. Determination of taxa considered aquatic or semi-aquatic is based on an interpretation of Rogers 1942 and Byers 1995. Genera are denoted in green; species denoted in bold blue have been recorded in Michigan; species denoted in black bold are likely to occur in Michigan based on their known distribution with nearby state/provincial localities from which certified records have been published. You can use the Find function in your web browser to locate families, genera, and species. Synonomous species (indented) are listed below the current valid species (denoted in bold) with its taxonomic status indicated.

    CYLINDROTOMIDAE

      Phalacrocera Schiner, 1863 (Subfamily Cylindrotominae)
        Phalacrocera neoxena Alexander, 1914
        Phalacrocera tipulina Osten Sacken, 1865 - WI north and east

      Triogma Schiner, 1863 (Subfamily Cylindrotominae)
        Triogma exsculpta Osten Sacken, 1865

    LIMONIIDAE
      Antocha Osten Sacken, 1859 (Tribe Limoniini)
        Antocha obtusa Alexander, 1925
        Antocha opalizans Osten Sacken, 1859 - WI east
        Antocha saxicola Osten Sacken, 1859 - Kovalak 1978: 10

      Arctoconopa Alexander, 1955 (Tribe Eriopterini)
        Arctoconopa painteri (Alexander, 1929) Erioptera - OH

      Cryptolabis Osten Sacken, 1859 (Eriopterini)
        Cryptolabis (Phantolabis) lacustris (Alexander, 1938) Erioptera

      Dactylolabis Osten Sacken, 1859 (Tribe Hexatomini)
      [algal and other plant associations in dripping water on cliff faces or comparible associations (Alexander in Stone et al.)]
        Dactylolabis cubitalis (Osten Sacken, 1869) Limnophila (orig.) - IN, OH, WI
        Dactylolabis montana (Osten Sacken, 1859) Limnophila (orig.) - IL east and northeast

      Dicranota Zetterstedt, 1838 (Tribe Pediciini)
        Dicranota (Rhaphidolabina) flaveola (Osten Sacken, 1869) Rhaphidolabis
        Dicranota (Dicranota) currani Alexander, 1926 - MN, ON east
        Dicranota (Dicranota) fumipennis Alexander, 1941 - MN
        Dicranota (Paradicranota) eucera Osten Sacken, 1869 - MN east
        Dicranota (Paradicranota) iowa Alexander, 1920 - MN south and east
        Dicranota (Plectromyia) petiolata (Alexander, 1919) Tricyphona - CO northeast to QB
        Dicranota (Rhaphidolabis) cayuga (Alexander, 1916) Rhaphidolabis - widespread
        Dicranota (Rhaphidolabis) forceps (Alexander), 1924 Rhaphidolabis
        Dicranota(Rhaphidolabis) rogersiana(Alexander, 1925) Rhaphidolabis (orig.)
        Dicranota (Rhaphidolabis) tenuipes (Osten Sacken, 1869) Rhaphidolabis

      Elliptera Schiner, 1863 (Tribe Limoniini)
        Elliptera illini Alexander, 1920 - IL

      Erioptera Meigen, 1803 (Tribe Eriopterini)
        Erioptera (Trimicra) pilipes (Fabricius), 1787 Tipula - NAm, Europe
          (syn.) Trimicra anomala Osten Sacken, 1861
        Erioptera (Erioptera) chlorophylla Osten Sacken, 1859 - Rogers, ESGR
        Erioptera (Erioptera) chlorophylloides Alexander, 1919 - Rogers, ESGR
        Erioptera (Erioptera) furcifera Alexander, 1919
        Erioptera (Erioptera) gaspeana Alexander, 1929
        Erioptera (Erioptera) georgei Alexander, 1956
        Erioptera (Erioptera) leptostyla Alexander, 1940
        Erioptera (Erioptera) megaphthalma Alexander, 1918
        Erioptera (Erioptera) septemtrionis Osten Sacken, 1859 - Rogers, ESGR
        Erioptera (Erioptera) straminea Osten Sacken, 1869 - Rogers, ESGR
        Erioptera (Erioptera) subfurcifera Alexander, 1929
        Erioptera (Erioptera) uliginosa Alexander, 1930 - Rogers, ESGR
        Erioptera (Erioptera) vespertina Osten Sacken, 1859 - Rogers, ESGR
          (syn.) Erioptera holoptica Dietz, 1921
          (syn.) Erioptera fuscoantennata Dietz, 1921
        Erioptera (Erioptera) villosa Osten Sacken, 1859 - Rogers, ESGR
        Erioptera (Mesocyphona) caliptera Say, 1823 - Rogers, ESGR
        Erioptera (Mesocyphona) knabi Alexander, 1913
        Erioptera (Mesocyphona) needhami Alexander, 1918 - Rogers, ESGR
        Erioptera (Mesocyphona) parva Osten Sacken, 1859 - Rogers, ESGR
        Erioptera (Hoplolabis) armata Osten Sacken, 1859 - Rogers, ESGR
        Erioptera (Psiloconopa) armillaris Osten Sacken, 1869 - Rogers, ESGR
        Erioptera (Psiloconopa) graphica Osten Sacken, 1859 Rogers, ESGR
        Erioptera (Psiloconopa) indianensis Alexander, 1922
        Erioptera (Psiloconopa) venusta Osten Sacken, 1859

      Gonomyia Meigen, 1803 (Tribe Eriopterini)
      [saturated silt or snad at stream or pond margins]
        Gonomyia (Idiocera) apicipina Alexander, 1926 - IN
        Gonomyia (Idiocera) blanda Osten Sacken, 1859 - Rogers, ESGR
        Gonomyia (Idiocera) mathesoni Alexander, 1915
        Gonomyia (Lipophleps) manca Osten Sacken, 1869 - IN east
          (syn.) Dicranomyia curvivena Coquillett, 1908
        Gonomyia (Lipophleps) sacandaga Alexander, 1914
        Gonomyia (Lipophleps) sulphurella Osten Sacken, 1859 - Rogers, ESGR
        Gonomyia (Neolipophleps) alexanderi (Johnson, 1912) Elliptera - IL northeast
        Gonomyia (Gonomyia) armigera Alexander, 1922 - IN northeast
        Gonomyia (Gonomyia) bidentata Alexander, 1922 - IN, WI northeasst
        Gonomyia (Gonomyia) cognatella Osten Sacken, 1859 - WI east
        Gonomyia (Gonomyia) florens Alexander, 1916 - Rogers, ESGR
        Gonomyia (Gonomyia) kansensis Alexander, 1918 - Rogers, ESGR
        Gonomyia (Gonomyia) noveboracensis Alexander, 1916
        Gonomyia (Gonomyia) reflexa Alexander, 1927
        Gonomyia (Gonomyia) subcinerea Osten Sacken, 1859 - Rogers, ESGR
          (syn.) Phyllolabis obscuris Doane, 1900

      Helius Lepeletier & Serville, 1828 (Tribe Limoniini)
        Helius flavipes (Macquart, 1855) Rhamphidia - WI, widespread
          (syn.) Limnobia prominens Walker, 1856
          (syn.) Rhamphidia brevirostris Osten Sacken, 1859
        Helius mainensis (Alexander), 1916 Rhamphidia - IL, WI, east

      Hexatoma Latreille, 1809 (Tribe Hexatomini)
      [aquatic or semiaquatic]
        Hexatoma (Hexatoma) magacera (Osten Sacken) Anisomera - IN, ON east
        Hexatoma (Hexatoma) microcera Alexander, 1926 - NAm
        Hexatoma (Eriocera) albitarsis (Osten Sacken, 1869) Penthoptera - IW east
        Hexatoma (Eriocera) cinerea (Alexander, 1912) Eriocera (orig.) Rogers, ESGR
        Hexatoma (Eriocera) fuliginosa (Osten Sacken, 1859) Eriocera
        Hexatoma (Eriocera) gibbosa (Doane, 1900) Eriocera - Rogers, ESGR
        Hexatoma(Eriocera) longicornis (Walker, 1848) Anisomera - NAm
        Hexatoma (Eriocera) spinosa (Osten Sacken, 1859) Arrhenica - IL east
        Hexatoma (Eriocera) tristis (Alexander), 1914 Eriocera - IN east

      Limonia Meigen, 1803 (Tribe Limoniini)
        Limonia (Limonia) globithorax (Osten Sacken, 1869) Dicranomyia - WI-NF
        Limonia (Limonia) indigena (Osten Sacken, 1859) Limnobia - WI
        Limonia (Limonia) macateei (Alexander), 1916 Dicranomyia - IN
          (syn.) Dicranomyia varipes Dietz, 1921
        Limonia (Limonia) maculicosta (Coquillett, 1905) Limnobia - expect in northern UP
        Limonia (Limonia) parietina (Osten Sacken), 1861 Limnobia
        Limonia (Limonia) sociabilis (Osten Sacken, 1869) Limnobia
        Limonia (Limonia) tristigma (Osten Sacken, 1859) Limnobia - IL
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) adirondacensis (Alexander), 1922 Dicranomyia - WI east
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) brevivena (Osten Sacken, 1869) Dicranomyia - widespread
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) ctenopyga Alexander, 1943
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) haeretica (Osten Sacken, 1869)
          (syn.) Dicranomyia gibsoni Alexander, 1929
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) halterata (Osten Sacken, 1869) Dicranomyia - widespread
          (syn.) Dicranomyia cinereipennis Lundström, 1912
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) halterella (Edwards, 1921) Dicranomyia (orig.)
          (syn.) Dicranomyia gracilis Doane, 1900
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) humidicola (Osten Sacken, 1859) Dicranomyia (orig.)
          (syn.) Dicranomyia viridicans Doane, 1908
          (syn.) Dicranomyia badia, authors, not Walker
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) immanis Alexander, 1950
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) immodesta (Osten Sacken, 1859) - widespread
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) immodestoides Alexander, 1919 - widespread, IN
          (syn.) Dicranomyia iowensis Rogers, 1926
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) liberta (Osten Sacken, 1859) - WI, south and east
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) longipennis (Schummel, 1829) - widepsread
          (syn.) Dicranomyia immomor Osten Sacken, 1861
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) michigana Alexander, 1950
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) moniliformis (Doane), 1900 Dicranomyia
          (syn.) Dicranomyia penicillata Alexander, 1927
          (syn.) Dicranomyia haeretica authors, not Osten Sacken
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) morioides (Osten Sacken), 1860 Dicranomyia
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) neomorio (Alexander), 1927 Dicranomyia - north widespread
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) nycteris (Alexander), 1927 Dicranomyia - north widespread
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) piscataquis Alexander, 1941 - north widespread
          (syn.) Dicranomyia vibei Nielsen, 1951
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) pudica (Osten Sacken, 1859) Dicranomyia
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) pudicoides Alexander, 1929 - IN
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) rostifera (Osten Sacken, 1869) - north widespread
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) sphagnicola (Alexander, 1925) Dicranomyia - widespread north and central
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) spinifera (Alexander), 1927 Dicranomyia
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) stulta (Osten Sacken, 1859) - WI east
          (syn.) Dicranomyia monticola Alexander, 1911
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) terraenovae (Alexander), 1920 Dicranomyia - maybe north
          (syn.) Dicranomyia teuipes Zetterstedt, 1838
          (syn.) Dicranomyia decora Staeger, 1840
        Limonia (Dicranomyia) uliginosa Alexander, 1929
        Limonia (Geranomyia) canadensis (Westwood, 1835) Limnobiorhynchus - widespread
        Limonia (Geranomyia) communis (Osten Sacken, 1859) Geranomyia - WI
        Limonia (Geranomyia) distincta (Doane), 1900 Geranomyia
        Limonia (Geranomyia) diversa (Osten Sacken, 1859) Geranomyia - widespread
        Limonia (Geranomyia) rostrata (Say), 1823 Limnobia (orig.)
        Limonia (unplaced subgenus) defuncta (Osten Sacken, 1859) Limnobia - IL, WI widespread
        Limonia (unplaced subgenus) fusca Meigen, 1804
          (syn.) Limnobia turpis Walker, 1856
          (syn.) Dicranomyia pubipennis Osten Sacken, 1859
        Limonia (unplaced subgenus) rara (Osten Sacken, 1869) Dicranomyia - WI
        Limonia (unplaced subgenus) shelfordi Alexander, 1944

      Limnophila Macquart, 1834 (Tribe Hexatomini)
      [wet soil ranging from sandy organic silt to black mud (Alexander in Stone et al.)]
        Limnophila (Lasiomastix) macrocera (Say), 1823 Limnobia (orig.) - Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila (Lasiomastix) subtenuicornis (Alexander), 1918 Lasiomastix (orig.) Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila (Eutonia) marchandi Alexander, 1916
        Limnophila (Prionolabis) munda Osten Sacken, 1869 - WI east
        Limnophila(Prionolabis) rufibasis Osten Sacken, 1859 - Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila (Prionolabis) walleyi Alexander, 1929 - IL, ON east
        Limnophila(Eloeophila) irene Alexander, 1927
        Limnophila (Eloeophila) solstitialis Alexander, 1926 Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila (Dicranophragma) angustula Alexander, 1929 - Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila (Dicranophragma) fuscovaria Osten Sacken, 1859 - Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila(Idioptera) fasciolata Osten Sacken, 1869 Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila (Phylidorea) adusta Osten Sacken, 1859 - Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila(Phylidorea) adustoides Alexander, 1927 - IN east
        Limnophila (Phylidorea) auripennis Alexander, 1926 - Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila (Phylidorea) caudifera Alexander, 1927 - Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila (Phylidorea) claggi Alexander, 1930
        Limnophila (Phylidorea) consimilis Dietz, 1921 - Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila (Phylidorea) iowensis Alexander, 1927 - Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila (Phylidorea) luteola Alexander, 1927 - Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila (Phylidorea) persimilis Alexander, 1927 - IN
        Limnophila (Phylidorea) platyphallus Alexander, 1926 - Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila (Phylidorea) siouana Alexander, 1929 - Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila (Phylidorea) subcostata (Alexander, 1911) Phylidorea - Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila (unplaced subgenus) brevifurca Osten Sacken, 1859 - Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila (unplaced subgenus) laricicola Alexander, 1912 - Rogers, ESGR
        Limnophila (unplaced subgenus) poetica Osten Sacken, 1869 - Rogers, ESGR

      Molophilus Curtis, 1833 (Tribe Eriopterini)
        Molophilus cramptoni Alexander, 1924
        Molophilus forcipulus (Osten Sacken, 1869) Erioptera (orig.) - Rogers, ESGR
        Molophilus fultonensis Alexander, 1916 - Rogers, ESGR
        Molophilus hirtipennis (Osten Sacken, 1859) Erioptera (orig.) - Rogers, ESGR
        Molophilus huron Alexander, 1929 - Rogers, ESGR
        Molophilus novacaesariensis Alexander, 1916 - IN east
        Molophilus pubipennis (Osten Sacken, 1859) Erioptera (orig.)
        Molophilus quadrispinosus Alexander, 1924
        Molophilus soror Alexander, 1927

      Nasiternella Wahlgren, 1881 (Tribe Pediciini)
        Nasiternella hyperborea (Osten Sacken), 1861 Amalopsis (orig.) - widespread boreal

      Ormosia Rondani, 1856 (Tribe Eriopterini)
        Ormosia (Scleroprocta) innocens (Osten Sacken, 1869) Rhypholophus (orig.)
        Ormosia (Ormosia) arcuata (Doane, 1908) Rhypholophus (orig.)
        Ormosia (Ormosia) bilineata Dietz, 1916
          (syn.) Ormosia huronis Alexander, 1929
        Ormosia (Ormosia) broweri Alexander, 1939 - widespread north
        Ormosia (Ormosia) frisoni Alexander, 1920
        Ormosia (Ormosia) hubbelli Alexander, 1926 - MN
        Ormosia (Ormosia) ingloria Alexander, 1929 - IN, ON
        Ormosia (Ormosia) luteola Dietz, 1916
        Ormosia (Ormosia) manicata (Doane, 1900) Rhypholophus - Rogers, ESGR
          (syn.) Ormosia deviata Dietz, 1916
          (syn.) Ormosia fuscopyga Alexander, 1924
        Ormosia (Ormosia) meigenii (Osten Sacken, 1859) Erioptera (orig.)
        Ormosia (Ormosia) monticola (Osten Sacken, 1869) Rhypholophus (orig.)
        Ormosia (Ormosia) nigripila (Osten Sacken, 1869) Rhypholophus (orig.)
        Ormosia (Ormosia) nimbipennis Alexander, 1917 (orig.)
        Ormosia (Ormosia) pygmaea (Alexander, 1912) Trimicra (orig.)
        Ormosia (Ormosia) romanovichiana Alexander, 1953 - Rogers, ESGR
          (syn.) Ormosia nubila Osten Sacken, 1859
        Ormosia (Ormosia) rubella (Osten Sacken, 1869) Rhypholophus (orig.) - Rogers, ESGR
          (syn.) Ormosia enigmatica Dietz, 1921

      Paradelphomyia Alexander, 1936 (Tribe Hexatomini)
      [organic silt along stream margins or in cool seepage areas (Alexander in Stone et al.)]
        Paradelphomyia(Oxyrhiza) americana (Alexander, 1912) Adelphomyia (orig.)
        Paradelphomyia (Oxyrhiza) cayuga (Alexander, 1912) Adelphomyia (orig.)
          (syn.) Ormosia abnormis Dietz, 1916
          (syn.) Adelphomyia hazletonensis Dietz, 1912
        Paradelphomyia(Oxyrhiza) minuta (Alexander, 1912) Adelphomyia (orig.)
        Paradelphomyia(Oxyrhiza) pleuralis (Dietz, 1921) Adelphomyia

      Phyllolabis Osten Sacken, 1877 (Tribe Hexatomini)
        Phyllolabis lagganensis Alexander, 1931 - northern widespread

      Pilaria Sintenis, 1889 (Tribe Hexatomini)
      [wet soil ranging from sandy organic silt to black mud (Alexander in Stone et al.)]
        Pilaria imbecilla (Osten Sacken, 1859) Limnophila (orig.) - ESGR, Rogers 1942
        Pilaria meridiana (Staeger), 1840 Limnobia (orig.) - ESGR, Rogers 1942
          (syn.) Limnophila osborni Alexander, 1914
        Pilaria quadrata (Osten Sacken, 1859) Limnophila (orig.) - ESGR, Rogers 1942
        Pilaria recondita (Osten Sacken, 1869) Limnophila (orig.) - ESGR, Rogers 1942
        Pilaria tenuipes (Say), 1823 Limnobia (orig.) - ESGR, Rogers 1942
          (syn.) Limnophila edwardi Alexander, 1916

      Prolimnophila Alexander, 1929 (Tribe Hexatomini)
      [moist-to-saturated soil along streams or in marshes (Alexander in Stone et al.)]
        Prolimnophila areolata (Osten Sacken, 1859) - WI east

      Pseudolimnophila Alexander, 1919 (Tribe Hexatomini)
      [moist-to-saturated soil along streams or in marshes (Alexander in Stone et al.)]
        Pseudolimnophila australina Alexander, 1927 - IN east
        Pseudolimnophila contempta (Osten Sacken, 1869) Limnophila (orig.)
        Pseudolimnophila inornata (Osten Sacken, 1869) Limnophila (orig.)
        Pseudolimnophila lutipennis (Osten Sacken), 1850 Limnophila (orig.)
        Pseudolimnophila noveboracensis (Alexander), 1911 Limnophila

      Tasiocera Skuse, 1890 (Tribe Eriopterini)
        Tasiocera (Dasymolophilus) niphadias (Alexander, 1925) Molophilus

      Toxorhina Loew, 1850 (Tribe Eriopterini)
        Toxorhina magna Osten Sacken, 1865
        Toxorhina muliebris Osten Sacken, 1865 - Rogers, ESGR

      Ulomorpha Osten Sacken, 1869 (Tribe Hexatomini)
      [wet soil ranging from sandy organic silt to black mud (Alexander in Stone et al.)]
        Ulomorpha pilosella (Osten Sacken, 1859) Limnophila (orig.)

    PEDICIIDAE

      Pedicia Latreille, 1809 (Tribe Pediciini)
        Pedicia(Pedicia) albivitta Walker, 1848 - MB-NF, MO-SC
          (syn.) Pedicia goniphora Harris, 1835
        Pedicia (Pedicia) contermina Walker, 1848
        Pedicia (Pedicia) falcifera Alexander, 1941
        Pedicia (Tricyphona) autumnalis (Alexander), 1917 Tricyphona (orig.) - ON, WI east
        Pedicia (Tricyphona) calcar (Alexander), 1917 Amalopis - WI east
        Pedicia (Tricyphona) inconstans (Osten Sacken, 1859) Amalopis (orig.) - MN east
        Pedicia (Tricyphona) katahdin (Alexander), 1914 Tricyphona (orig.)
        Pedicia (Tricyphona) paludicola (Alexander), 1916 Tricyphona (orig.)
        Pedicia (Tricyphona) pumila Alexander, 1942

    TIPULIIDAE

      Tipula Linnaeus, 1758 (Subfamily Tupuliinae, Tribe Tipulini)
        Tipula (Nippotipula) abdominalis (Say, 1823) - shredder, ubiquitous in streams and rivers in MI
          (syn.) Tipula albilata Walker, 1848
        Tipula (Trichotipula) algonquin Alexander, 1915
        Tipula (Oreomyza) angulata Loew, 1864 - Rogers, floodplains
          (syn.) Tipula decora Doane, 1901
        Tipula (Schummelia) annulicornisSay, 1829
          (syn.) Tipula jejuna Johnson, 1909
        Tipula (Lunatipula) apicalis Loew, 1863
        Tipula (Vestiplex) balioptera Loew, 1863 - WI
        Tipula (Lunatipula) bicornis Forbes, 1890 - Rogers, not aquatic but near marshes or marshes
        Tipula (Oreomyza) borealis Walker, 1848 - Rogers, floodplains
          (syn.) Tipula hebes Loew, 1863
        Tipula (Yamatotipula) caloptera Loew, 1863 - Rogers, aquatic in creek and brook gravel or sand
        Tipula (Yamatotipula) cayuga Alexander, 1915 - Rogers, not aquatic
        Tipula (Nobilotipula) collarisSay, 1823
        Tipula (Yamatotipula) concava Alexander, 1926
        Tipula (Platytipula) cunctuans Say, 1823 - Rogers, marsh edges (semiaquatic?)
        Tipula (Yamatotipula) dejecta Walker, 1856 - Rogers, semiaquatic marsh and seep edges
          (syn.) Tipula fumosa Doane, 1901
          (syn.) Tipula brevicollis Loew, 1863
        Tipula (Yamatotipula) eluta Loew, 1864 - Rogers, semiaquatic along marshes, creeks and seeps
        Tipula (Arctotipula) dickinsoni Alexander, 1932 - Rogers, semiaquatic marsh and seep edges
        Tipula (Lunatipula) disjuncta Walker, 1856 - Rogers, not aquatic
          (syn.) Tipula taughannock Alexander, 1915
        Tipula (Lunatipula) dorsimacula Walker, 1848 - Rogers, not aquatic
          (syn.) Tipula angustipennis Loew, 1863
          (syn.) Tipula beaulieui Dietz, 1921
          (syn.) Tipula nubilis Harris, 1835
        Tipula (Lunatipula) duplex Walker, 1848 - Rogers, near marsh-wood margins, but not aquatic
        Tipula (Oreomyza) entomophthorae Alexander, 1918
          (syn.) Tipula similissima Dietz, 1921
        Tipula (Lunatipula) flavoumbrosa Alexander, 1918 - Rogers, not aquatic
        Tipula (Yamatotipula) footeana Alexander, 1961 - ID, NF
        Tipula (Oreomyza) fragilis Loew, 1863 - IN north and northeast
        Tipula (Yamatotipula) fraterna Loew, 1864 - Rogers, in algal mats of creeks
        Tipula (Lunatipula) fuliginosa (Say), 1823 Ctenophora - Rogers, not aquatic
          (syn.) Tipula speciosa Loew, 1863
        Tipula (Vestiplex) fultonensis Alexander, 1918 - northern
        Tipula (Yamatotipula) furca Walker, 1848 - Rogers, margins of creeks, marshes, semiaquatic in detritus
          (syn.) Tipula bella Loew, 1863
          (syn.) Tipula fuscifer Harris in Johnson, 1925
        Tipula (Lunatipula) georgiana Alexander, 1915 - Rogers, not aquatic
        Tipula (Oreomyza) helderbergensis Alexander, 1918
        Tipula (Schummelia) hermannia Alexander, 1915 - Rogers, semi-terrestrial (saturated soils)
          (syn.) Tipula fasciata Loew, 1863
        Tipula (Lunatipula) hirsuta Doane, 1901 - Rogers, not aquatic
        Tipula (Oreomyza) huron Alexander, 1918 - WI
        Tipula (Oreomyza) illinoiensis Alexander, 1915 - Rogers, not aquatic
        Tipula (Angarotipula) illustris Doane, 1901 - Gelhaus 1986:136 (ESGR, Livingston Co., leg. S. Rogers, as Prionocera fuscipennis)
          (syn.) Tipula fuscipennis Loew, 1866
        Tipula (Yamatotipula) kennicotti Alexander, 1915 - Rogers, marshes
          (syn.) Tipula diluta Doane, 1901
          (syn.) Tipula parvemarginata Alexander, 1926
          (syn.) Tipula tera Loew in Alexander, 1915
        Tipula (Oreomyza) latipennis Loew, 1864 - Rogers, floodplains, marsh margins
          (syn.) Tipula ottawaensis Dietz, 1914
        Tipula (Vestiplex) longiventris Loew, 1863 - Rogers, not aquatic
        Tipula (Lunatipula) macrolabis - Loew, 1864
          (syn.) Tipula spectabilis Doane, 1901
        Tipula (Lunatipula) mainensis Alexander, 1915 - ME-AB
        Tipula (Lunatipula) megaura Doane, 1901 - Rogers, wet margins of spring ponds and seeps, grassy streams
        Tipula (Lunatipula) monticola Alexander, 1915 - Rogers, not aquatic
        Tipula (Lunatipula) morrisoni Alexander, 1915 - IN east
        Tipula (Nobilotipula) nobilis (Loew), 1864
        Tipula (Yamatotipula) noveboracensis Alexander, 1919
        Tipula (Trichotipula) oropezoidesJohnson, 1909
        Tipula (Trichotipula) pachyrhinoides Alexander, 1915 - MN
        Tipula (Lunatipula) parshleyi Alexander, 1915 - Rogers, not aquatic
        Tipula (Oreomyza) penobscot Alexander, 1915
        Tipula (Oreomyza) phoroctenia Alexander, 1919 - ME west (expect in UP)
        Tipula puncticornis Macquart, 1850 - NAm
        Tipula (Oreomyza) resurgens Walker, 1848 - Rogers, floodplain
          (syn.) Tipula grata Loew, 1863
        Tipula (Yamatotipula) sayi Alexander, 1911 - Rogers, inundated soils of marsh borders
          (syn.) Tipula costalis Say, 1823
        Tipula (Oreomyza) senega Alexander, 1915 - expect in UP
        Tipula (Oreomyza) serta Loew, 1863 - Rogers, detritus of marsh and seep borders
          (syn.) Tipula discolor Loew, 1863
          (syn.) Tipula albonotata Doane, 1901
          (syn.) Tipula ignota Alexander, 1915
        Tipula (Trichotipula) stonei Alexander - Rogers, not aquatic
          (syn.) Pachyrhina unifasciata Loew, 1863
        Tipula (Yamatotipula) strepens Loew, 1863 - Rogers, semiaquatic, moss and algal mats of rills and seeps
        Tipula (Oreomyza) subfasciata Loew, 1864 - WI
        Tipula (Lunatipula) submaculata Loew, 1863 - Rogers, not aquatic
          (syn.) Tipula cuspidata Doane, 1901
          (syn.) Tipula bidens Loew in Alexander, 1915 (nomen nudum)
        Tipula (Yamatotipula) sulphurea - Rogers, semiaquatic, shallow semiflowing pools between marsh hummocks
        Tipula (Yamatotipula) tephrocephala Loew, 1864 - Rogers, seepages, wet soil, but not aquatic
        Tipula (Lunatipula) translucida Doane, 1901 - Rogers, floodplains, not aquatic
        Tipula (Yamatotipula) tricolor Fabricius, 1775 - Rogers, marshes, streams, seepages and stagnant pools
          (syn.) Tipula vitrea Wulp, 1881
        Tipula (Lunatipula) triplex Walker, 1848 - Rogers, open floodplains, not aquatic
          (syn.) Tipula inermis Doane, 1901
        Tipula (Oreomyza) trivitataSay, 1823 - Rogers, floodplains, swamp margins
        Tipula (Trichotipula) unimaculata (Loew), 1864 Pachyrhina (orig.)- Rogers, floodplain woods, seepages, not aquatic
        Tipula (Platytipula) ultima Alexander, 1915 - Rogers, margins of marshes
          (syn.) Tipula flavescens Fabricius, 1805
          (syn.) Tipula flavicans Fabricius, 1805
        Tipula (Lunatipula) valida Loew, 1863 - Rogers, floodplain woods, not aquatic
          (syn.) Tipula calva Doane, 1901
          Tipula (Yamatotipula) vicina Dietz, 1917 - Rogers, Stone - sand and gravel bottom banks
          Tipula (Lunatipula) youngi Alexander, 1927 - Rogers, seepage areas, flood-plains

      unplaced Tipulidae species
        Limnobia ignobilis Walker, 1856, nomen dubium, holotype lost

    References

      Kovalak WP. 1978. Diel changes in stream benthos density on stones and artificial substrates. Hydrobiologia 58(1): 7-16.
      Michelsen V. 1996. Neodiptera: new insights into the adult morphology and higher level phylogeny of Diptera (Insecta). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 117: 71–102.
      Rogers JS. 1942. The Crane Flies (Tipulidae) of the George Reserve, Michigan. Miscellaneous Publications of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 53: 129 pp., 8 pl.
      Wood DM, Borkent A. 1989. Phylogeny and classification of the Nematocera, pp. 1333-1370 in McAlpine JF, Wood DM (eds.). Manual of the Nearctic Diptera, Vol. 3. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Monograph 32, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

    Page created: November 20, 2002 - Last updated: November 04, 2013 (EB)